Thailand MPI

MPI originally introduced:  2019

Latest MPI results: Thailand MPI 2022/23

The Office of the National Economic and Social Development Council (NESDC) in Thailand published a report on multidimensional poverty in 2022/23 using data from Household Socio-Economic Surveys (SES) 2021. 

Previous results

The National MPI was first published in 2019 in a National MPI report and was based on data from Household Socio-Economic Surveys (SES) 2017 conducted by the National Statistical Office (NSO). Since its launch, the National MPI has been used as empirical evidence to push forward policies in dimensions with high contributions to MPI, such as pension reform and the expansion of the free internet services programme. 

National MPI data were also incorporated into the annually published Poverty and Inequality Situation of Thailand Report by the NESDC with the intention to update the MPI data every two years (consistent with data availability). 

In 2021, NESDC published an update of the National MPI based on SES 2019 data.

  • NESDC (2019). Thailand Multidimensional Poverty Index
  • NESDC (2019). Poverty and Inequity Report 2019 
  • NESDC (2021). Multidimensional Poverty Index 2021 

Child MPI

The first MPI published by NESDC in Thailand was the Child MPI making Thailand one of the first countries in the world to develop a child focused MPI. The Child MPI uses data from the Multiple Indicator Cluster Survey (MICS) 2015/16, and is built from four dimensions (education, child welfare, living standards, and health) and ten indicators, based on data availability and national priorities.

Thailand MPI structure: dimensions and indicators 

Thailand National MPI Poverty Cut-Off: A person is considered poor if they are deprived in 26% or more of the 12 weighted indicators.

Structure of Thailand National MPI 2019

Global MPI

The annual global MPI produced by the Oxford Poverty and Human Development Initiative in partnership with the Human Development Report Office of the United Nations Development Programme is an internationally comparable index of acute multidimensional poverty. OPHI publishes Country Briefings summarising poverty statistics of the global MPI for each country.     

Visit the most recent Global MPI Country Briefing for Thailand based on MICS year 2019.