Multidimensional Targeting and Evaluation: A General Framework with an Application to a Poverty Program in Bangladesh

OPHI Working Papers

Many poverty, safety net, training, and other social programs utilize multiple screening criteria to determine eligibility. We apply recent advances in multidimensional measurement analysis to develop a straightforward method for summarizing changes in groups of eligibility (screening) indicators, which have appropriate properties. We show how this impact can differ across participants with differing numbers of initial deprivations. We also examine impacts on other specially designed multidimensional poverty measures (and their components) that address key participant deficits. We apply our methods to a BRAC ultra-poverty program in Bangladesh, and find that our measures of multidimensional poverty have fallen significantly for participants. This improvement is most associated with better food security and with acquisition of basic assets (though this does not mean that the cause of poverty reduction was program activities focused directly on these deficits). In general, we find that the BRAC program had a greater impact on reducing multidimensional poverty for those with a larger initial number of deprivations. We also showed how evaluation evidence can be used to help improve the selection of eligibility characteristics of potential participants. 

Citation: Robano, V. and Smith, S. C. (2014). 'Multidimensional targeting and evaluation: A general framework with an application to a poverty program in Bangladesh', OPHI Working Paper 65, Oxford Poverty and Human Development Initiative (OPHI), University of Oxford.  

poverty, multidimensional poverty, poverty alleviation strategies, BRAC, microfinance institutions, ultra-poverty, ultra-poor, CFPR/TUP, BRAC, Bangladesh, difference-in-difference, impact assessment, program evaluation, counterfactual targeting
South Asia

Virginia Robano and Stephen C. Smith
Series Name
OPHI Working Papers
Publication date
JEL Codes
O15, I32
Publication Number
WP 65