Gender Inequality in Multidimensional Welfare Deprivation in West Africa: The Case of Burkina Faso and Togo

OPHI Working Papers

The importance of gender equality is reflected not only in the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) but also in the World Bank’s Gender Action Plan launched in 2007, as well as in other treaties and actions undertaken at regional and international levels. Unlike other gender poverty studies, which are mostly based on monetary measurement, the present study employs a counting approach to examine gender issues in Burkina Faso and Togo using household surveys, EICVM (2009/2010) and CWIQ (2011), respectively. Focusing on six dimensions (housing, basic utilities, assets, education, employment and access to credit) largely recognized as MDG targets, the main findings of the study indicate that, overall, individuals are most deprived in education in Burkina Faso, while the reverse situation is true in Togo. Gender inequality is observed in all. The situation is also marked by regional disparities. Moreover, the assessment of dimensional contributions shows different patterns for each country. While employment proves to be the main contributor to gender inequality in Burkina Faso, three dimensions (assets, access to credit and employment) account together for most of the total contribution to gender inequality in Togo. There is also a positive correlation between multidimensional deprivation and women’s ages in Burkina Faso, whereas by contrast both measures seem to be uncorrelated in Togo.

Citation: Agbodji, A. E., Batana, Y. M., and Ouedraogo, D. (2013). 'Gender inequality in multidimensional welfare deprivation in West Africa: The case of Burkina Faso and Togo', OPHI Working Papers 64, Oxford Poverty and Human Development Initiative (OPHI), University of Oxford.

Also published in World Bank Policy Research Working Paper 2013/06/01 (WPS 6522).

multidimensional poverty, deprivation rates, gender inequality, housing, basic utilities, assets, education, employment, access to credit
Sub-Saharan Africa
Burkina Faso


Akoété Ega Agbodji, Yélé Maweki Batana and Dénis Ouedraogo

Series Name
OPHI Working Papers
Publication date
JEL Codes
C10, D31, I14, I30, I32, O10, O12
Publication Number
WP 64