Human Development: Definitions, Critiques, and Related Concepts

OPHI Working Papers

The purpose of this background paper is i) to synthesize the discussions regarding the concept of human development, so as to inform the 2010 Report’s definition, and ii) drawing on the extensive policy and academic literatures, to propose relationships between the concept of human development and four related concepts: the Millennium Development Goals, Human Rights, Human Security, and Happiness. Inequality, the duration of outcomes across time, and environmental sustainability are also prominent due to their fundamental importance.

Author: Sabina Alkire

Year: 2010

Citation: Alkire, S. (2010). 'Human development: Definitions, critiques, and related concepts', OPHI Working Papers 36, Oxford Poverty and Human Development Initiative (OPHI), University of Oxford.

Also published as Human Development Research Paper 2010/01.

capability approach, Millennium Development Goals, MDG, human security, human rights, process freedoms, environment, inequality, happiness

Sabina Alkire
Series Name
OPHI Working Papers
Publication date
JEL Codes
D6, I3, O1, A13, B5, B2, F0
Publication Number
WP 36