Multidimensional Poverty Index – Winter 2017-18: Brief Methodological Note and Results

OPHI MPI Methodological Notes

The Multidimensional Poverty Index (MPI) 2017-18 uses the same parameters (dimensions, indicators, cutoffs, and weights) and the same functional form (Alkire and Foster Adjusted Headcount Ratio M0) as in previous years. 
This brief methodological note presents the 2017-18 MPI updates and releases tables with the full results in these categories: national MPI, destitution and vulnerability, disaggregation for rural, urban, subnational regions, and complete estimations, as well as complementary data, dimensional breakdowns, and confidence intervals. Destitution data are available for all 104 countries. 
This brief methodological note first explains the main updates in the 2017-18 MPI, following the guidelines for updates presented in the 2014 Methodological Note (Alkire, Conconi and Seth 2014b). It then summarises the MPI methodology that has been presented in detail in other documents (Alkire and Santos 2010; Alkire, Roche, Santos and Seth 2011). 
This note then briefly describes the methodological assumptions for the estimation of each updated country dataset. The results of these estimations are presented in Tables 1-5 and 7, 104 country briefings and the interactive databank, all available on OPHI’s website (

Citation: Alkire, S. and Kanagaratnam, U. (2018) 'Multidimensional Poverty Index – Winter 2017-18: Brief methodological note and results', OPHI MPI Methodological Note No. 45,  Oxford Poverty and Human Development Initiative (OPHI), University of Oxford.

global MPI, poverty measurement, Multidimensional Poverty Index

Sabina Alkire and Usha Kanagaratnam
Series Name
OPHI MPI Methodological Notes
Publication date
Publication Number