Income and Beyond: Multidimensional Poverty in Six Latin American Countries

OPHI Working Papers

This paper presents empirical results of a wide range of multidimensional poverty measures for: Argentina, Brazil, Chile, El Salvador, Mexico and Uruguay, for the period 1992–2006. Six dimensions are analysed: income, child attendance at school, education of the household head, sanitation, water and shelter. Over the study period, El Salvador, Brazil, Mexico and Chile experienced significant reductions of multidimensional poverty. In contrast, in urban Uruguay there was a small reduction in multidimensional poverty, while in urban Argentina the estimates did not change significantly. El Salvador, Brazil and Mexico together with rural areas of Chile display significantly higher and more simultaneous deprivations than urban areas of Argentina, Chile and Uruguay. In all countries, access to proper sanitation and education of the household head are the highest contributors to overall multidimensional poverty.

Authors: Diego Battiston, Guillermo Cruces, Luis Felipe Lopez Calva, Maria Ana Lugo and Maria Emma Santos

Year: 2009

Citation: Battiston, D., Cruces, G., Lopez Calva, L.F., Lugo, M.A. and Santos, M.A. (2009). 'Income and beyond: Multidimensional poverty in six Latin American countries', OPHI Working Paper 17, Oxford Poverty and Human Development Initiative (OPHI), University of Oxford.

Also published in Social Indicators Research, 2013, Vol. 112, pp. 291–314.

Multidimensional poverty measurement, counting approach, Latin America, Unsatisfied Basic Needs, rural and urban areas
Latin America and the Caribbean
El Salvador

Diego Battiston, Guillermo Cruces, Luis Felipe Lopez Calva, Maria Ana Lugo, Maria Emma Santos
Series Name
OPHI Working Papers
Publication date
JEL Codes
D31, I32
Publication Number
WP 17