Multidimensional Poverty Measures from an Information Theory Perspective

OPHI Working Papers

This paper proposes to use an information theory approach to the design of multidimensional poverty indices. Traditional monetary approaches to poverty rely on the strong assumption that all relevant attributes of well-being are perfectly substitutable. Based on the idea of the essentiality of some attributes, scholars have recently suggested multidimensional poverty indices where the existence of a trade-off between attributes is relevant only for individuals who are below a poverty threshold in all of them (Bourguignon & Chakravarty 2003, Tsui 2002). The present paper proposes a method which encompasses both approaches and, moreover, it opens the door to an intermediate position which allows, to a certain extent, for substitution of attributes even in the case in which one or more (but not all) dimensions are above the set threshold. An application using individual well-being data from Indonesian households in 2000 is presented in order to compare the results under the different approaches. 

Authors: María Ana Lugo and Esfandiar Maasoumi

Year: 2008 (revised in March 2009)

Citation: Lugo, M. A., Maasoumi, E. (2008, revised 2009). 'Multidimensional poverty measures from an information theory perspective', OPHI Working Paper 10, Oxford Poverty and Human Development Initiative (OPHI), University of Oxford.

Also published as 'The information basis of multivariate poverty assessments' in N. Kakwani and J. Silber (eds.), Quantitative Approaches to Multidimensional Poverty Measurement, pp. 1–29, Palgrave Macmillan.

multidimensional poverty, information theory, Indonesia
East Asia and the Pacific

María Ana Lugo and Esfandiar Maasoumi
Series Name
OPHI Working Papers
Publication date
JEL Codes
I32; I10; C43
Publication Number
WP 10