Agency and Empowerment: A review of concepts, indicators and empirical evidence

OPHI Research in Progress

This review corresponds to the first part of a background paper for the 2009 Human Development Report in Latin America and the Caribbean on Agency, Empowerment and the Intergenerational Transmission of Inequality in Latin America.

Citation: Samman, E. and Santos, M.E. (2009). 'Agency and empowerment: A review of concepts, indicators and empirical evidence', OPHI Research in Progress 10a, Oxford Poverty and Human Development Initiative (OPHI), University of Oxford.

agency, empowerment, poverty measurement

Emma Samman and Maria Emma Santos
Series Name
OPHI Research in Progress
Publication date
Publication Number
RP 10a