Viet Nam MPI

MPI originally introduced:  2015

Latest MPI results: Viet Nam MPI 2021

This report for 2021 is a joint research product of the Ministry of Labour - Invalids and Social Affairs (MOLISA), Committee for Ethnic Affairs (CEMA), General Statistics Office (GSO), and the United Nations Development Programme in Viet Nam (UNDP Viet Nam), co-financed by the DFAT-GREAT program and conducted by Centre for Analysis and Forecasting, Vietnam Academy for Social Science (CAF/VASS).

Previous results

The Ministry of Labour, Invalids and Social Affairs (MoLISA) launched a National Multidimensional Poverty (MDP) measurement in 2015 to inform planning over the 2016-2020 period. The source of data for calculating multidimensional poverty statistics is the Vietnam Household Living Standard Surveys (VHLSS). The first report on multidimensional poverty was based on data from VHLSS 2021-2016.

Viet Nam MPI structure: dimensions and indicators 

Poverty Cut-Off: A person is considered poor if they are deprived in a third or more of the 10 weighted indicators. 

The National Multidimensional Poverty (MDP) measurement has five dimensions and 10 indicators: (i) Health (indicators: nutrition and child mortality, each is weighted 1/6), (ii) Education (indicators: adult education and children education, each is weighted 1/10), (iii) housing (indicators: per person housing area and housing quality, each is weighted 1/10), (iv) Living standard (indicators: water and sanitation, each is weighted 1/10) and (v) access information (indicators: usage of telecom services and assets for accessing information, each is weighted 1/10). Each dimension is equally weighted (1/5) and each indicator within a dimension is also equally weighted. Each person who fails to meet the deprivation cutoff is identified as deprived in that indicator. A person is identified (by Alkire-Foster methodology) as multi-dimensionally poor if the person’s weighted deprivation score is equal to or higher than the poverty cutoff of 33.33%

Source: Vietnam-Human-Development-Indices-and-Indicators-Viet-Nam27s-statistical-updates-Final-2018.pdf ( 

Global MPI  

The annual global MPI produced by the Oxford Poverty and Human Development Initiative in partnership with the Human Development Report Office of the United Nations Development Programme is an internationally comparable index of acute multidimensional poverty. OPHI publishes Country Briefings summarising poverty statistics of the global MPI for each country.     

Visit the most recent Global MPI Country Briefing for Viet Nam based on MICS year 2020-2021.   

Cover of Viet Nam MDP report 2021