Mozambique MPI

MPI originally introduced:  2016

Latest MPI results: Mozambique MPI 2016

Mozambique was the first African country to publish an MPI. The results from the Mozambique MPI were published in 2016 by the Directorate of Economic and Financial Studies (DEEF) at the Ministry of Economy and Finance. They were based on household budget survey, Inquérito aos Agregados Familiares sobre Orçamento Familiar (IOF) 2014/15.

The Mozambique National MPI is built with a structure that includes indicators for which data were not available in earlier household budget surveys. To analyse trends over time Mozambique created an historical MPI to look at data from 1996/97-2014/15 based on a simplified index. Both sets of results were included in the Pobreza e bem-estar em Moçambique: Quarta avaliaçao nacional published in 2016. 

Mozambique MPI structure: dimensions and indicators 

Poverty Cut-Off: A person is considered poor if they are deprived in 60% or more of the 17 weighted indicators.  


Structure of Mozambique MPI 2016

Source: Ministério de Economia e Finanças, Direcção de Estudos Económicos e Financeiros (2016). Pobreza e bem-estar em Moçambique: Quarta avaliaçao nacional 

Global MPI

The annual global MPI produced by the Oxford Poverty and Human Development Initiative in partnership with the Human Development Report Office of the United Nations Development Programme is an internationally comparable index of acute multidimensional poverty. OPHI publishes Country Briefings summarising poverty statistics of the global MPI for each country.     

Visit the most recent Global MPI Country Briefing for Mozambique based on IOF year 2019-2020 .  

More info

Official institution responsible for statistics 

  • Directorate of Economic and Financial Studies (DEEF) at the Ministry of Economy and Finance 

Dimensions articles: 


Cover of Mozambique MPI report 2016