India MPI

MPI originally introduced:  2021

Latest MPI results: India MPI 2023

The National Multidimensional Poverty Index: A Progress Review 2023, published by NITI Aayog, presents the second edition of the national MPI for India and is a follow-up to the Baseline Report published in November 2021. It provides multidimensional poverty estimates for India’s 36 States and Union Territories, along with 707 administrative districts across 12 indicators of the national MPI. These estimates have been computed using data from the 5th round of the NFHS (NFHS-5) conducted in 2019-21, employing the same methodology as the baseline report. This edition also presents the changes in multidimensional poverty between the survey periods of NFHS-4 (2015-16) and NFHS-5 (2019-21). India has achieved a remarkable reduction in its MPI value and Headcount Ratio between 2015-16 and 2019-21, indicating success of the country’s commitment and action to address the multidimensional nature of poverty through its multisectoral approach.

Previous results

The India. National Multidimensional Poverty Index: Baseline Report 2021 presents National, State/Union Territories and district results using data from the 2015/16 National Family Health Survey (NFHS-4). Prior to this, in 2018 Andra Pradesh was the first Indian state to adopt a MPI to guide poverty reduction. 

India MPI structure: dimensions and indicators 

Structure of India MPI 2023

Source: NITI Aayog (2023). India. National Multidimensional Poverty Index: A Progress Review 2023. NITI Aayog, Government of India, New Delhi.

Global MPI

The annual global MPI produced by the Oxford Poverty and Human Development Initiative in partnership with the Human Development Report Office of the United Nations Development Programme is an internationally comparable index of acute multidimensional poverty and includes Country Briefings summarising poverty statistics for each country.   

Visit the most recent Global MPI Country Briefing for India based on DHS year 2019-21.   

Cover of India MPI report 2023