Ghana MPI

MPI originally introduced:  2020

Latest MPI results: Ghana MPI 2021

Ghana Statistical Service has published 261 fact sheets & 30 district level reports on multidimensional poverty by including MPI questions in the Ghana 2021 Population and Housing Census to inform poverty reduction in the country. These materials were published in 2023 and are the first statistics for multidimensional poverty across districts in Ghana. 

Previous results

The Ghana Statistical Service launched the Ghana MPI in July 2020. Their first report was produced with support from the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP), the German Agency for International Cooperation (GIZ), and OPHI. 

The national MPI was computed using data from the Ghana Living Standards Survey (GLSS) 2016/2017 and the 2011 and 2018 Ghana Multiple Indicator Cluster Surveys (MICS) for trend analyses.

Ghana MPI structure: dimensions and indicators 

Poverty Cut-Off: For the National MPI a person is considered poor if they are deprived in one third or more of the 12 weighted indicators. According to the district reports published in 2023, a person is considered poor if they are deprived in one third or more of the 13 weighted indicators. Indicator definitions were changed from the Ghana MPI 2020 within the Education and Health dimensions and an additional indicator was added for Wage Employment. 

Global MPI

The annual global MPI produced by the Oxford Poverty and Human Development Initiative in partnership with the Human Development Report Office of the United Nations Development Programme is an internationally comparable index of acute multidimensional poverty. OPHI publishes Country Briefings summarising poverty statistics of the global MPI for each country.     

Visit the most recent Global MPI Country Briefing for Ghana based on MICS year 2017-2018 .