Bhutan MPI

MPI originally introduced: 2010

Latest MPI results: Bhutan Moderate MPI 2022

The Bhutan Moderate MPI 2022 revises the structure of the original MPI, which was introduced in 2010 to measure acute multidimensional poverty. The moderate MPI measures a different threshold for poverty to reflect the aspirations of Bhutanese people and the government. It is based on data from the 2022 Bhutan Living Standards Survey (BLSS) and will be the MPI used to measure poverty in Bhutan from 2022 onwards.

This 2023 report introduces a moderate MPI and also presents trends from 2017–2022 using Bhutan’s original MPI. 

  • Citation: National Statistics Bureau, Royal Government of Bhutan and Oxford Poverty and Human Development Initiative (OPHI). (2023). Bhutan Multidimensional Poverty Index 2022, National Statistics Bureau, Royal Government of Bhutan, Thimphu.

Bhutan Moderate MPI 2022 structure: dimensions and indicators

Poverty Cut-Off: Any person who is deprived in one-third or more of the 14 weighted indicators is identified as multidimensionally poor. 

Bhutan MPI Structure

Previous results

This 2017 report provides an overview of multidimensional poverty in Bhutan using the original acute MPI of Bhutan based on the data from the Bhutan Living Standards Survey (BLSS) 2017.

This 2014 report is the first official National MPI Report for Bhutan and offers results for 2012 as well as an analysis of changes over time from 2007 and 2010 using a slightly adjusted MPI structure.

Bhutan Original MPI structure: dimensions and indicators

Bhutan first developed an acute MPI in 2010. In 2012, the structure of the MPI was adjusted. A person who is deprived in 4/13 of the weighted indicators (30.7% of the dimensions) was considered multidimensionally poor according to the original acute MPI.

Global MPI

The annual global MPI produced by the Oxford Poverty and Human Development Initiative in partnership with the Human Development Report Office of the United Nations Development Programme is an internationally comparable index of acute multidimensional poverty. OPHI publishes Country Briefings summarising poverty statistics of the global MPI for each country. 

Visit the most recent Global MPI Country Briefing for Bhutan based on MICS 2010

More info on the National MPI of Bhutan

Official institution responsible for statistics

Additional materials


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