Nigeria Multidimensional Poverty Index (2022)

National MPI Reports

The Nigeria Multidimensional Poverty Index (2022) report uses data from the Multidimensional Poverty Index Survey 2021/2022, the most extensive multidimensional poverty survey to date, designed to provide nationally representative results from all 36 states, FCT Abuja and 109 Senatorial Districts. The MPI survey was carried out between November 2021 and February 2022. The Nigeria MPI (2022) includes a linked Child MPI which analyses poverty for children under the age of 5.

The report was produced by the National Bureau of Statistics (NBS) for the Federal Government of Nigeria, in partnership with the Oxford Poverty and Human Development Initiative (OPHI), the European Union, Global Affairs Canada, the United Nations, UNICEF Nigeria, UNDP Nigeria, and the UK Government’s Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Office (FCDO).

The Nigeria MPI (2022) is calculated using 15 indicators grouped under four dimensions health, education, living standards and work and shocks. The linked Child MPI adds a fifth dimension of child survival and development with eight indicators – severe undernutrition, immunisation, supplement, breast feeding, childcare, child engagement, playground, and birth attendance. 

The report has policy implications for poverty reduction efforts. The Nigeria MPI (2022) is embedded within the Medium-Term National Development Plans (2021–2026 and 2026–2030) as a measurement and policy tool for poverty reduction. Likewise, it is being integrated with the National Monitoring and Evaluation Framework at the Ministry of Budget and National Planning. The MPI data is being used in the 2023 national budget and at the State level, for the Data Demand Use Strategy. The Nigeria MPI (2022) results will be used to report SDG 1 in the subsequent SDG Voluntary National Review (VNR) due in 2023.


Sub-Saharan Africa

Nigeria Multidimensional Poverty Index (2022)


National Bureau of Statistics

Publication date