Global MPI data tables 2023

The global MPI results are presented in eight Tables. Table 1 presents MPI country (national) results using the most recent data from 110 countries, covering 6.1 billion people. The country (national) estimates are jointly produced by OPHI and UNDP’s Human Development Report Office (HDRO). Please refer to OPHI MPI Methodological Note 55 for the core methodology and country specifications.

In addition, the OPHI team produces an additional set of Tables (Tables 2–8). These include selected auxiliary statistics, namely, standard errors of key estimates consistently. Table 2 presents estimations for multiple poverty cut-offs as a measure of robustness. The MPI and its partial indices are also disaggregated by several different population groups: age groups (Table 3), rural and urban areas (Table 4), subnational regions (Table 5) and gender of household head (Table 7). The disaggregated MPI results shared in these tables show the importance of going beyond national averages to identify important variation across population groups. Please refer to OPHI MPI Methodological Note 56 for OPHI’s disaggregation methodology and policies.

Of interest to policymakers is the extent to which poverty has reduced over time. Table 6 presents trends over time in 84 countries. For 35 of these countries there are trends for three points in time, while four countries have data for four points in time. Table 6 also contains disaggregated results of the extent to which poverty has changed over time for age groups, rural and urban areas, and for 814 subnational regions. Please refer to OPHI MPI Methodological Note 57 for trends over time methodology and country harmonisation details.

Finally, Table 8 presents all global MPI country (national) results published since 2010.

Table 1National Results MPI 2023
Table 2Other k Values MPI 2023
Table 3Age Results MPI 2023
Table 4Area Results MPI 2023
Table 5Subnational Results MPI 2023
Table 6Trends Over Time MPI 2023
Table 7Headship Results MPI 2023
Table 8All MPI Data 2010-2023

Global MPI do-files 2023

The microdata for 110 country surveys used in the 2023 global MPI were cleaned and standardised by OPHI and UNDP’s HDRO to produce the country (national) results. Fifty-four of the survey microdata are from the Multiple Indicator Cluster Surveys (MICS), 43 from the Demographic and Health Surveys (DHS), and 13 microdata are national surveys.
Further cleaning and generation of relevant variables was undertaken on these 110 country data sets by the OPHI team to produce disaggregation results by population groups. The OPHI team also standardised and harmonised 211 survey data sets to produce trends over time for 84 countries. The technical files (or Stata do-files) for each country survey can be downloaded below. Please refer to OPHI’s Methodological Note series for information on survey details.below. Please refer to OPHI’s Methodological Note series for information on survey details.

Download the technical files (or Stata do-files) for each country survey

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Global MPI resources from previous years