‘Why the poorest of the poor need MPI 2.0’ (now known as the MPI 2015+) makes the case for a measure based on the global Multidimensional Poverty Index (MPI), which would complement an income poverty measure by revealing the simultaneous disadvantages in health, education and living standards a person is experiencing.
Alkire draws attention to the mismatch between income poverty and other dimensions of poverty, noting that a study in India found that 53% of all malnourished children do not live in income-poor families, and that OPHI’s own research shows that trends in $1.25/day income poverty and MPI poverty do not move in lockstep (see Alkire and Roche, 2013).
By showing the overlapping deprivations each person is experiencing, an MPI 2015+ would reveal interconnections between them, enabling policymakers to address key deprivations together. It would also map at a glance the inequalities among different ethnic and social groups, or between different regions.
Alkire recently co-authored a briefing on ‘Multidimensional Poverty and the Post-2015 MDGs’ with OPHI Research Associate Andy Sumner, Co-Director of the King’s International Development Institute at King’s College London.
You can read ‘Why the poorest of the poor need MPI 2.0’ in full here. Other contributions to ODI’s Development Progress debate on measuring poverty so far include Martin Ravallion on two goals for fighting poverty, Lant Pritchett on the case for a high global poverty line and Stephan Klasen on the right poverty measure for post-2015.