The dimensions, indicators, deprivation thresholds and weights of the Global MPI

Dimension Indicator Deprived if… Related to… Relative Weight
 Education Years of Schooling No household member has completed five years of schooling.  MDG2 1/6
Child School Attendance Any school-aged child is not attending school up to class 8.  MDG2 1/6
 Health Child Mortality Any child has died in the family.  MDG4 1/6
Nutrition Any adult or child for whom there is nutritional information is malnourished.*  MDG1 1/6
 Living Standard Electricity The household has no electricity. 1/18
Improved Sanitation The household’s sanitation facility is not improved (according to MDG guidelines), or it is improved but shared with other households.**  MDG7 1/18
Safe Drinking Water The household does not have access to safe drinking water (according to MDG guidelines) or safe drinking water is more than a 30-minute walk from home, roundtrip.***  MDG7 1/18
Flooring The household has a dirt, sand or dung floor. 1/18
Cooking Fuel The household cooks with dung, wood or charcoal.  MDG7 1/18
Assets The household does not own more than one radio, TV, telephone, bike, motorbike or refrigerator and does not own a car or truck.  MDG7 1/18

The more extreme indicators of destitution: deprivation thresholds of those who are both MPI poor and destitute

Dimension Indicator Deprived if… Related to… Relative Weight
Education Years of schooling No household member has completed at least one year of schooling (>=1). MDG2 1/6
Child School Attendance No child is attending school up to the age at which they should finish class 6. MDG2 1/6
Health Child Mortality 2 or more children have died in the household. MDG4 1/6
Nutrition Severe undernourishment of any adult (BMI<17kg/m2) or any child
(-3 standard deviations from the median).
MDG1 1/6
Living Standard Electricity The household has no electricity (no change). 1/18
Improved Sanitation There is no facility (open defecation). MDG7 1/18
Safe Drinking Water The household does not have access to safe drinking water, or safe water is more than a 45-minute walk (round trip). MDG7 1/18
Flooring The household has a dirt, sand, or dung floor (no change). 1/18
Cooking Fuel The household cooks with dung or wood (coal/lignite/charcoal are now non-deprived). MDG7 1/18
Assets The household has no assets (radio, mobile phone etc.) and no car. MDG7 1/18