In this recording Nicolas Ruiz, Analyst at the Statistics Directorate at OECD, presents joint work with Peter Lanjouw of the World Bank on Temporal Mapping of Poverty Using Synthetic Panel Data.
Job Title: Advisor
The work of OPHI is grounded in the capability approach developed by Amartya Sen who remains a much valued advisor.
Amartya Sen is Thomas W. Lamont University Professor, and Professor of Economics and Philosophy, at Harvard University. He has been the Master of Trinity College, Cambridge, and a Professor of Economics at Jadavpur University Calcutta, the Delhi School of Economics, and the London School of Economics, and Drummond Professor of Political Economy at Oxford University.
Amartya Sen has also served as President of the Econometric Society, the American Economic Association, the Indian Economic Association, and the International Economic Association. He was formerly Honorary President of OXFAM and is now its Honorary Advisor. His research has ranged over social choice theory, economic theory, ethics and political philosophy, welfare economics, theory of measurement, decision theory, development economics, public health, and gender studies.
Amartya Sen’s books have been translated into more than thirty languages, and include Choice of Techniques (1960), Growth Economics (1970), Collective Choice and Social Welfare (1970), On Economic Inequality (1973, 1997); Poverty and Famines (1981); Utilitarianism and Beyond (jointly with Bernard Williams, 1982); Choice, Welfare and Measurement (1982), Commodities and Capabilities (1985), The Standard of Living (1987), On Ethics and Economics (1987); Hunger and Public Action (jointly with Jean Drèze, 1989); Inequality Re-examined (1992); The Quality of Life (jointly with Martha Nussbaum, 1993); Development as Freedom (1999); Rationality and Freedom (2002); The Argumentative Indian (2005); Identity and Violence: The Illusion of Destiny (2006), The Idea of Justice (2009), An Uncertain Glory: India and Its Contradictions (jointly with Jean Drèze, 2013), and The Country of First Boys (2015).
Amartya Sen’s awards include Bharat Ratna (India); Commandeur de la Legion d’Honneur (France); the National Humanities Medal (USA); Ordem do Merito Cientifico (Brazil); Honorary Companion of Honour (UK); the Aztec Eagle (Mexico); the Edinburgh Medal (UK); the George Marshall Award (USA); the Eisenhower Medal (USA). He was awarded the Nobel Prize in Economics in 1998.
Job Title: Advisor
Sudhir is Emeritus Professor of Economics and Fellow of St Catherine’s College, University of Oxford and a Visiting Professor of Global Health and Social Medicine at the Harvard Medical School. Sudhir is involved in a big multi-year research project at Harvard on health equity in Asia, which began in January 2020.
Sudhir is an internationally recognised Development Microeconomist having published widely on economic inequality and poverty, undernutrition, health economics, human nutrition, population ethics and other subjects in economics and health. In September 2017, Sudhir was appointed Centennial Professor at the London School of Economics, based at the International Inequalities Institute.
Job Title: Advisor
Frances Stewart is an Advisor at OPHI and was Director of Oxford University’s Department for International Development from 1993–2003, and Director of the Centre for Research on Inequality, Human Security and Ethnicity (CRISE) at the Department from 2003–2010. She is now an Emeritus Professor of Development Economics at the University of Oxford.
She worked extensively on the concept of Horizontal Inequality in conflict and post-conflict countries. Among other awards, she received the Leontief prize in 2013 for advancing the frontiers of economic thought from Tufts University, and was given the UNDP’s Mahbub ul Haq award for her lifetime’s achievements in promoting human development in 2009.
Job Title: Advisor
Social Media: @dsanco
Diego is an Advisor at OPHI, and the Head of Department of the Oxford Department for International Development at the University of Oxford. He has published extensively on topics relating to political economy and inequality, particularly in Latin America, in international journals such as World Development, the Journal of Latin American Studies, Latin American Politics and Society and Latin American Research Review. He is also the co-editor of four books and the co-author of two books with Juliana Martínez Franzoni: Good Jobs and Social Services: How Costa Rica Achieved the Elusive Double Incorporation (Palgrave Macmillan) and The Quest for Universal Social Policy in the South: Actors, Ideas and Architectures (Cambridge University Press). This recent book explores the determinants of universal social policy in the South – the topic he continues to work on at the moment.
He previously taught at the Institute for the Study of the Americas (University of London) between 2003 and 2008. Diego has been a Visiting Fellow at the University of Costa Rica, at FLACSO-Dominican Republic and the programme Desigualdades (Berlin). He was a Visiting Fellow at the Kellogg Institute in the University of Notre Dame during 2018/19 where he worked on The Costs of Inequality. He collaborates frequently with the ILO, UNDP, ECLAC, Oxford Analytica and other organisations.
He is co-editor of the Journal of Latin American Studies and member of the editorial boards of Oxford Development Studies andJournal of Development Studies. He is also treasurer of the Latin American Studies Association and was director of the Latin American Center at the University of Oxford between 2015 and 2018.
PhD in Economics, New School for Social Research (New York)
Political economy of Latin America with a particular focus on Central America; determinants of income inequality and the role of social policy in reducing it.
Job title: Research Associate
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Gaston is a Research Associate at OPHI and a Lecturer in Economics at the Leeds University Business School, University of Leeds, with expertise in distributional analysis, wellbeing measurement and applied statistics. Formerly a Research Officer at OPHI, Gaston has published extensively on the subject of multidimensional inequality and wellbeing analysis, and serves as an Associate Editor of Oxford Development Studies, and on the Editorial Board of Revista Apuntes (Lima, Peru).
DPhil in Economics, University of Oxford
MSc in Economics for Development, University of Oxford
BA in Economics, Universidad del Pacifico
Statistical operationalisation of concepts and ethical principles pertaining to human development, agency and capabilities, and distributional justice; statistical measurement of different concepts of poverty, inequality, discrimination, female empowerment, subjective wellbeing, social mobility, and social stratification.
Dutta, I., Nogales, R. and Yalonetzky, G. (2021): ‘Endogenous weights and multidimensional poverty: A cautionary tale’, OPHI Working Paper 135, Oxford Poverty and Human Development Initiative (OPHI), University of Oxford.
Seth S. and Yalonetzky G. (2020) ‘Assessing deprivation with an ordinal variable: theory and application to sanitation deprivation in Bangladesh’, World Bank Economic Review, forthcoming.
Azpitarte, F, Gallegos J. and Yalonetzky G. (2020) ‘On the Robustness of Multidimensional Counting Poverty Orderings’, Journal of Economic Inequality, forthcoming.
Porter C. and Yalonetzy G. (2019) ‘Fuzzy chronic poverty: A proposed response to measurement error for intertemporal poverty measurement’, Review of Income and Wealth, Vol 65(1), pp. 119–143.
Chaudhuri, K and Yalonetzky G (2018), ‘The state of female autonomy in India: a stochastic dominance approach’, Journal of Development Studies, Vol 54(8), pp. 1338–1353.
Alkire S., Apablaza, M., Chakravarty S. and Yalonetzky G. (2017) ‘Measuring chronic multidimensional poverty’, Journal of Policy Modelling, Vol 39(6), pp. 983–1006.
Apablaza M., Bresson F. and Yalonetzy G. (2016) ‘When more does not necessarily mean better: Health-related illfare comparisons with non-monotone wellbeing relationships’, Review of Income and Wealth, Vol 62(S1), pp. 145–178.
Job Title: Researcher
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Ana is a Director of Research & Technical Validation at SOPHIA Oxford, a social science spinout of OPHI, which works with businesses to build multidimensional poverty indices (business MPIs) to identify and measure poverty amongst their employees, their contractors, suppliers and supply chains. Based on this information businesses can develop their own solutions to help their employees get out of poverty.
Her work at OPHI focused on the policy applications of the Alkire-Foster method for multidimensional measurement. Ana previously worked for PricewaterhouseCoopers and at the Catholic University of Portugal.
DPhil and masters degrees in Economics, University of Oxford
Development Economics and Applied Microeconomics.
Alkire, S., Roche, J. M., and Vaz, A. (2015). ‘Changes Over Time in Multidimensional Poverty: Methodology and Results for 34 Countries.’ OPHI Working Papers 76, University of Oxford.
Alkire, S., Meinzen-Dick, R., Peterman, A., Quisumbing, A. R., Seymour, G. and Vaz, A. (2013) ‘The Women’s Empowerment in Agriculture Index’, World Development, Vol 52, pp. 71–91.
Vaz, A. (2012). ‘Interpersonal Influence Regarding the Decision to Vote within Mozambican Households’, Centre for the Study of African Economies, Working Paper Series No. 14, University of Oxford.
Nicolai is a Research Associate at OPHI and a Juan de la Cierva Research Fellow at the Centre for Demographic Studies in Barcelona. At OPHI, he works on several research projects. Since 2018, he has co-lead the estimation of the global Multidimensional Poverty Index (global MPI) together with Usha Kanagaratnam and Sabina Alkire. He also edits the OPHI Working Paper series. He has taught at the OPHI Summer Schools in Marrakesh in 2017 and Oxford in 2018.
After his PhD in Economics, he worked on the project ‘Multidimensional Poverty Measurement in Germany and the European Union’ funded by the German Research Foundation (DFG). He has a number of publications relating to multidimensional poverty and deprivation.
PhD in Economics, TU Dortmund
Diploma in Sociology, TU Dortmund
Diploma in Economics, TU Dortmund
Applied welfare economics, including multidimensional poverty measurement and analysis; subjective well-being; the capability approach; labour economics; and, applied econometrics.
Suppa N. (2020). ‘Walls of Glass. Measuring Deprivation in Social Participation’, Journal of Economic Inequality (forthcoming)
Kunze L. and Suppa N. (2020).’The effect of unemployment on social participation of spouses—Evidence from plant closures in Germany’, Empirical Economics, vol. 58, pp.815–833 (joint with Lars Kunze). https://doi.org/10.1007/s00181-018-1542-4
Alkire, S., Kanagaratnam, U., and Suppa, N. (2020). ‘The global Multidimensional Poverty Index (MPI) 2020’, OPHI MPI Methodological Note 49, Oxford Poverty and Human Development Initiative, University of Oxford.
Alkire, S., Nogales, R., Quinn, N. N., and Suppa, N. (2020). ‘On Track or Not? Projecting the Global Multidimensional Poverty Index,’ OPHI Research in Progress 58a, University of Oxford.
Alkire, S., Kanagaratnam, U., Nogales, R. and Suppa, N. (2020). ‘Revising the global Multidimensional Poverty Index: Empirical insight and robustness’, OPHI Research in Progress 56a, Oxford Poverty and Human Development Initiative, University of Oxford.
Suppa, N. (2019). ‘Work and wellbeing: A conceptual proposal.’ OPHI Working Paper 131, University of Oxford.
Alkire, S., Kanagaratnam, U. and Suppa, N. (2019). ‘The Global Multidimensional Poverty Index (MPI) 2019’, OPHI MPI Methodological Note 47, Oxford Poverty and Human Development Initiative, University of Oxford.
Suppa, N. (2019). ‘Is there poverty in Germany?’ Dimensions, no. 6, pp.19–23, Multidimensional Poverty Peer Network (MPPN).
Alkire S., Kanagaratnam U. and Suppa N. (2018) ‘The Global Multidimensional Poverty Index (MPI): 2018 Revision’, OPHI MPI Methodological Notes no. 46, University of Oxford.
Suppa N. (2018) ‘Towards a Multidimensional Poverty Index for Germany’, Empirica, Vol. 45(4), pp.655-683, https://doi.org/10.1007/s10663-017-9385-3.
Suppa N. (2018) ‘Transitions in Poverty and Deprivations. An Analysis of Multidimensional Poverty Dynamics’, Social Choice and Welfare, Vol. 51, pp.235–258 https://doi.org/10.1007/s00355-018-1114-8.
Suppa N. (2018) ‘Walls of Glass. Measuring Deprivation in Social Participation’, OPHI Working Paper No. 117, University of Oxford.
Kunze L. and Suppa N. (2017) ‘Unemployment as a Social Norm Revisited: Novel Evidence from German Counties’, The Empirical Economics Letters, Vol. 16(10), pp. 1-13
Kunze L. and Suppa N. (2017) ‘Bowling alone or bowling at all? The effect of unemployment on social participation’, Journal of Economic Behaviour and Organization, Vol. 133, pp.213–235, http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jebo.2016.11.012.
Suppa N. (2016) ‘Comparing Monetary and Multidimensional Poverty in Germany’, OPHI Working Paper No. 103, University of Oxford.
Suppa N. (2015) ‘Capability Deprivation and Life Satisfaction. Evidence from German Panel Data’, Journal of Human Development and Capabilities, Vol 16, pp.173–199 http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/19452829.2015.1029880.
Suppa N. (2014) ‘The Capability Perspective: Basic Features and their Relevance for Social Policy’, in: (Otto H.U. and Ziegler H., eds.), Critical Social Policy and the Capability Approach, Opladen, Barbara Budrich.
Job Title: Research Associate
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Andy is a Research Associate at OPHI, as well as a Professor of International Development at King’s College London.
He is also Director of the Economic and Social Research Council (ESRC) Global Challenges Strategic Research Network on Global Poverty and Inequality Dynamics.
Andy has twenty years’ international research experience using both qualitative and quantitative methods and has published extensively.
He was appointed at King’s in 2012 and was co-founder of the King’s International Development Institute, which later became the Department of International Development. He is a Non-Resident Senior Fellow of UNU-WIDER and the Center for Global Development, Washington, DC; and a Visiting Fellow Padjadjaran University, Bandung, Indonesia and a Research Associate of the Department of International Development, University of Oxford.
Poverty, inequality and economic development in middle-income developing countries and Southeast Asia.
YangYang is a Research Associate at OPHI. In 2016, she was a Project Manager and teacher at the 2016 OPHI Summer School. She is currently a Lecturer at the Beijing Normal University, working in the School of Economics and Resource Management, as well as a Researcher in the China Institutes for Poverty Reduction and Income Distribution.
PhD and Masters Degree in Economics, Nankai University, China
Human development and welfare economics; measurement and analysis of Multidimensional welfare, poverty and public policy, economic growth and poverty reduction.
Shen W. and Shen Y. (2012) ‘Study on Adjustment of Personal Income Gap for Promoting Social Equity’, Beijing: Economic Science Press.
Li S., Zhan P. and Shen Y. (2018) ‘New Patterns in China’s Rural Poverty’, In (Sicular T., Li S., and Yue X ed.) Changing Trends in China’s Inequality: Evidence, Analysis, and Prospects, Oxford University Press, USA.
Suman is a Research Associate at OPHI, and previously worked for five years as a Researcher and then Senior Researcher at OPHI. With OPHI researchers, he co-authored Multidimensional Poverty Measurement and Analysis published by the Oxford University Press. He has also co-authored a book with Professor James Foster on income poverty measurement published by the World Bank.
He is an Associate Professor of Economics at the Leeds University Business School. He has consulted for the Regional Bureau of Latin America and the Caribbean, United Nations Development Programme (UNDP), the Development Research Groups at the World Bank, and the Asian Development Bank.
PhD in Economics, Vanderbilt University
MPhil in Economics, Jawaharlal Nehru University
Development Economics, with a particular emphasis on measurement methodologies and policy-oriented applications.
Seth S. and Yalonetzky G. (2020). ‘Assessing deprivation with an ordinal variable: theory and application to sanitation deprivation in Bangladesh’, World Bank Economic Review, DOI: 10.1093/wber/lhz051.
Seth S. and McGillivray M. (2018). ‘Composite Indices, Alternative Weights, and Comparison Robustness’, Social Choice and Welfare, vol 51, pp. 657–679.
Alkire S. and Seth S. (2015). ‘Multidimensional Poverty Reduction in India between 1999 and 2006: Where and How?’ World Development, vol 72, pp. 93–108.
Alkire S., J. E. Foster, S. Seth, M. E. Santos, J. M. Roche, and P. Ballon (2015). Multidimensional Poverty: Measurement and Analysis, Oxford: Oxford University Press
Foster J. E., Seth S., Lokshin M., and Sajaia Z. (2013). A Unified Approach to Measuring Poverty and Inequality: Theory and Practice, The World Bank: Washington D.C.
Seth, S. (2013). ‘A Class of Distribution and Association Sensitive Multidimensional Welfare Indices’, Journal of Economic Inequality, vol 11 (2), pp. 133–162.