A blog by OPHI Director Sabina Alkire calling for a new ‘headline’ measure of multidimensional poverty to be considered for the post-2015 MDGs has been published in Spanish by Revista Humanum.
Alkire argues that a global Multidimensional Poverty Index (MPI) 2.0 (now known as the MPI 2015+) – building on the global MPI reported in the Human Development Reports for over 100 developing countries since 2010 – could provide an intuitive overview of multidimensional poverty to complement a $1.25/day measure and indicators on individual goals such as health or education.
Such a measure could enable policymakers to see at a glance whether and how multidimensional poverty was being reduced across states, for example, or different social groups; it could be quickly and easily disaggregated to show which overlapping disadvantages are faced by agricultural labourers, or by families with small children in different geographical regions.
For the post-2015 context, an MPI 2015+ could be created with dimensions, indicators and cutoffs that reflect the post-2015 development agenda, Alkire says. The process of selecting the indicators and cutoffs should be participatory, and the voices of the poor and the marginalised should drive decisions. A “child MPI” could also be created to measure multidimensional poverty among children, using the same methodology.
In addition, governments or civil society organisations can create their own national MPIs with indicators, cutoffs and values that reflect their national plan or goals, complementing and enriching a global MPI 2015+. Such measures are already in use – for example, by the Government of Colombia.
The blog is based on the OPHI briefing ‘Multidimensional Poverty and the Post-2015 MDGs‘, by Alkire and Andy Sumner, an OPHI Research Associate and Co-Director of the King’s International Development Institute at King’s College London. It first appeared in English on ODID’s Debating Development website, and can be read in full in Spanish here.