MPI Methodological Note 36

Multidimensional Poverty Index – Winter 2015/16: Brief Methodological Note and Results

The Winter Multidimensional Poverty Index (MPI) 2015/16 updates (released December 2015, henceforth MPI 2015/16) use the same parameters (dimensions, indicators, cutoffs and weights) and the same functional form (Alkire and Foster Adjusted Headcount Ratio M0) as in previous years. The main MPI updates are released in summer; Winter MPI Updates provide the opportunity to share new estimations for any databases that have been processed. This brief methodological note presents the Winter 2015/16 MPI updates, and releases the tables with the full results: national MPI, destitution and vulnerability results, rural, urban, subnational region, changes over time, and complete estimations, as well as complementary data, dimensional breakdowns, and confidence intervals. Destitution data are now available for 100 countries. It first explains the main updates in the 2015/16 MPI, following the guidelines for updates presented in the 2014 Methodological Note (Alkire, Conconi and Seth 2014b). It uses the MPI methodology that has been presented in detail in previous methodological notes (Alkire and Santos 2010; Alkire, Roche, Santos and Seth 2011; Alkire, Conconi and Roche 2013; Alkire, Conconi and Seth 2014b). Then it briefly describes the methodological assumptions considered for the estimation of each dataset. The results of such estimations are presented in the form of 7 main tables, 101 country briefings and the interactive Databank, all available on OPHI’s website (

Citation: Alkire, S. and Robles, G. (2015). ‘Multidimensional Poverty Index – Winter 2015/16: Brief methodological note and results’, OPHI MPI Methodological Note 36 (OPHI Briefing 36), Oxford Poverty and Human Development Initiative (OPHI), University of Oxford.

This paper is published also as OPHI Briefing 36.

Data tables and do-files