OPHI Briefing 41 (pdf)
The Global Multidimensional Poverty Index (MPI) is an index of acute multidimensional poverty that covers over 100 developing countries. It assesses the nature and intensity of poverty, by directly measuring the overlapping deprivations poor people experience at once, then building up from this information. It provides a vivid picture of how and where people are poor, within and across countries, regions and the world, enabling policymakers to better target their resources at those most in need through integrated policy interventions that tackle the many different aspects of poverty together. The MPI was developed in 2010 by OPHI and the UNDP’s Human Development Report Office, and has been proposed as an indicator in the Sustainable Development Goals, which view ‘poverty in its many dimensions’.
Authors: Sabina Alkire and Gisela Robles