Events

OPHI runs a programme of regular events. In addition to seminar series, summer schools, and research workshops (listed separately), these include workshops for academics and practitioners and special events related to OPHI’s research.

Details of forthcoming and recent events are shown below. See also OPHI’s Seminar Series, Short Courses and Workshops pages, or Previous Events (below) for a full list of all past events. Many past events are available to watch or listen to on OPHI’s podcasts page.

Save the date for MPPN High-Level Annual Meeting

Eighth High-Level Annual Meeting of the Multidimensional Poverty Peer Network (MPPN)

Santiago, Chile
22-24 June 2020
Invitation only
Hosted by the Government of Chile

We are delighted to announce that the Government of Chile will be hosting the 8th High-Level Annual Meeting of the MPPN between 22 and 24 June. Formal invitations will be sent in due course. If you have any questions, please email us at mppn@qeh.ox.ac.uk.

MPPN and OPHI Co-Hosted Side Event with Costa Rica at 74th Session of UN General Assembly

High-Level Side Event at the UN General Assembly
Call for action: Using multidimensional poverty indices to lead progress in the SDGs

Wednesday 25th September 2019, 8:00am,
Conference Room 1, UNHQ, New York.
Hosted by the President of Costa Rica H.E. Carlos Alvarado

On behalf of the Multidimensional Poverty Peer Network (MPPN)

This event was a ‘call for action’ in the use of multidimensional poverty measures to lead progress towards the SDGs.

It  highlighted the importance of political leadership to end poverty, reduce inequality and leave no one behind.

The discussion generated by the event sought to galvanize action and foster collaboration among institutions and sectors to design sustainable solutions that have a greater impact on people living in poverty.

Poverty and shared prosperity 2018: piecing together the poverty puzzle

We were delighted to welcome two senior Economists from the World Bank, Dr Maria Ana Lugo, a former post-doctoral student at OPHI, and Dr Dean Jolliffe, who gave a presentation entitled: ‘Poverty and shared prosperity 2018: piecing together the poverty puzzle’ exploring the World Bank’s 2018 Poverty and Shared Prosperity report. The seminar will take place on Tuesday 14 May, 16:00-17:30, Seminar Room 3, Queen Elizabeth House, 3 Mansfield Road OX1 3TB.

The 2018 edition — Piecing Together the Poverty Puzzle —broadens the ways the World Bank defines and measures poverty. It presents a new measure of societal poverty, integrating the absolute concept of extreme poverty and a notion of relative poverty reflecting differences in needs across countries. For the first time it introduces a multidimensional poverty measure based on the Alkire-Foster Method, which is anchored in household consumption and the international poverty line of $1.90 per person per day, but broadens the measure by including information on access to education and basic infrastructure. Finally, it investigates differences in poverty within households, including by age and gender.

Read full report here.

Video can be found here.

This seminar was part of OPHI’s Trinity Term seminar series bringing together academic staff and students interested in multidimensional poverty in an informal intellectual and social environment.

Juan Manuel Santos, former President of Colombia, in conversation

We were delighted to welcome back the former President of Colombia and Nobel Peace Prize laureate for a distinguished public event ‘In Conversation with Juan Manuel Santos’ on Wednesday 8 May at the Blavatnik School of Government in Oxford.

In conversation with President Santos was the Director of the Oxford Poverty and Human Development Initiative (OPHI), Sabina Alkire. The session then moved to dynamic exchanges with the gathered assembly, moderated by the host, the Dean of the Blavatnik School of Government, Professor Ngaire Woods.

This was a wonderful opportunity to learn first-hand from a former world leader, who was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize in 2016 for bringing a civil war lasting over 50 years to an end. In a session of piercing clarity and realism about leadership and governance, President Santos touched on the importance of reducing poverty to create a sustainable peace, the threat of climate change and how to maintain one’s personal resilience and tenacity while engaged in public life.

President Santos began a three-year Visiting Professorship at OPHI and the Oxford Department of International Development last year. OPHI is delighted for the opportunity for further exchange with President Santos, who during his term in office broke new ground in leading national and global efforts to reduce multidimensional poverty, and who co-founded the Multidimensional Poverty Peer Network (MPPN) in the presence of Nobel Laureate Amartya Sen, with OPHI as Secretariat. The MPPN is now a flourishing South-South network of policy-makers involving nearly 60 countries and 20 international agencies all focused on ending poverty in all its dimensions.

The conversation was recorded and is available here.

Visiting Fellow discusses parental absence in rural China

Professor Yexin Zhou, Visiting Fellow, OPHI  gave a seminar on ‘Parental absence and preference development in left-behind children: an experimental study in rural China’ on Tuesday 7 May, 17:00-18:00, in Seminar Rm 2, Queen Elizabeth House,  3 Mansfield Road OX1 3TB.

China is witnessing significant rural-urban migration and rising divorce rates which potentially may lead to a far-reaching impact on the development of over 60 million children. Whilst the existing literature has explored the impact of parental absence on the health and education of children, the impact on their preference formation has seldom been investigated. OPHI’s Visiting Fellow, Professor Yexin Zhou, will discuss the results of his large-scale field experiment which looked into the preferences of 1,632 rural children ranging from the ages of 6 to 16. He and his team found that being left-behind led to an increase in pro-social behaviour and an increased appetite for risk, but it also resulted in poorer performance at competitive activities, as well as issues with reliability and trust. Being left-behind by both parents was found to have a significant influence, whilst the experience of being left-behind did not continue to affect children after their parents had returned. Children who were left-behind were found to be affected in similar ways to children being raised within single parent families as a result of death or divorce.

This seminar was part of OPHI’s Trinity Term seminar series bringing together academic staff and students interested in multidimensional poverty in an informal intellectual and social environment.

Afghanistan launches its National Multidimensional Poverty Index (A-MPI)

On Sunday 31 March, the Islamic Republic of Afghanistan launched its first official national Afghanistan Multidimensional Poverty Index (A-MPI), which is equal to 0.272 and shows that 51.7 percent of people are multidimensionally poor.

“The Multidimensional Poverty Index of Afghanistan complements the monetary poverty measure and uncovers the deprivations experienced by the Afghan people in various aspects of their life”, the Director General of NSIA indicated. He also emphasised that the Afghanistan-MPI will “help the government of Afghanistan with budget allocation, policy coordination and integrated policies”.

The A-MPI has 18 indicators grouped in five dimensions: Health, Education, Living Standards, Work, and Shocks. It complements the monetary poverty measure by providing an overview of poverty nationally. Going a step further, it also gives a high-resolution window into multidimensional poverty.

The A-MPI supports a balanced poverty reduction strategy by bringing into view deprivations that monetary poverty measures do not. It is true that nationally the numbers are similar: the NSIA’s analysis of the ALCS 2016-17 survey showed that 51.7 percent of the population is MPI poor and 54.5 percent of the population are consumption poor. However, these are not necessarily the same people. Only 36.3 percent of Afghans are both income poor and MPI poor. This means that 69.9 percent of the population are either MPI poor, monetary poor – or both.

The report shows a striking yet in-depth portrait of poverty. Singling out children, it finds that 58 percent of all multidimensionally poor people are children under 18 years of age. UNICEF’s Regional Director, Jean Gough, drew attention to the Report’s piercing focus on child poverty, “multidimensional poverty is highest among children. The Multidimensional Poverty Index of Afghanistan, based on data for 2016-17, finds that fully 56.4 percent of children are poor, as compared with just under half of adults. It is a clear call to action”.

Results also show that poverty rates are highest among the Kuchi population, 89 percent of which are MPI poor. In all, rural areas are home to 83 percent of multidimensionally poor people.

Among provinces, Badghis, Nooristan, Kunduz, Zabul and Samangan are the poorest ones, while Kabul, Panjsher, Kapisa, Logar and Pakitlka are the least poor. In particular, the headcount of multidimensional poverty ranges from 15 percent in Kabul to over 85 percent in Baghdis.  In turn, Herat houses the largest absolute number of multidimensionally poor people followed by Nangarhar, Kandahar, Kunduz and Faryab. Kabul is the least poor, but nearly one out of 20 poor persons live in there.

Because the A-MPI starts by finding out how each household is doing in each of these indicators – from assisted delivery to child school attendance, from employment and NEET to security shocks, from cooking fuel to land and livestock – it offers an easy-to-understand yet powerful tool for policy coordination, budgeting and integrated policy design.

The A-MPI can be unpacked to show the precise composition of poverty for any group – be it children, Kuchis, or female-headed households. At the national level, for example, of the 18 indicators, the highest deprivation is in female schooling, where nearly half of the population – 48 percent – live in a household where no female 10 years or older has completed primary schooling or knows how to read and write. The next highest deprivations are in cooking fuel, where 41 percent of people are at risk of indoor air pollution that causes respiratory infections, and 39 percent of Afghans are MPI poor and share their household with a school aged child who is not attending school, while 35 percent live in a house in which a woman failed to receive proper pre-natal care and an assisted delivery. In turn, 25 percent of Afghans are MPI poor and were strongly affected by some kind of security shock from which they have not recovered, 32 percent of people live in MPI poor households where less than one in six persons is employed, and for 23 percent, no one in the labor force is employed.

This information is vitally important for evidence-based policy design. The Afghanistan Multidimensional Poverty Index 2016–2017 Report will be helpful to make integrated and evidence-based policies at national and provincial levels in order to overcome poverty, deprivations and related disadvantages.

The Report, which was financially supported by the UNICEF country office, is the first release of the Islamic Republic of Afghanistan’s official and permanent statistic of multidimensional poverty. The NSIA and the Oxford Poverty and Human Development Initiative (OPHI) at the University of Oxford, worked collaboratively on the A-MPI.

Oxford University and OPHI Launch sOPHIa Oxford to Help Businesses Fight Poverty

sOPHIa Oxford, the University of Oxford’s first social enterprise spinout, will provide businesses with tools to measure and respond to poverty amongst their employees and their families, contractors, and in their supply chain. Building upon the work and experience of the Oxford Poverty and Human Development Initiative (OPHI), sOPHIa Oxford aims to expand the use of multidimensional poverty measurement to the private sector. sOPHIa Oxford has an exclusive worldwide license to the Business Multidimensional Poverty Index (bMPI), developed by OPHI in partnership with the business association Horizonte Positivo, which has pioneered the implementation of the bMPI in Costa Rica. The first company to use the bMPI, BAC Credomatic in Costa Rica, has announced that the bMPI identified 12% of its employees in poverty and has rolled out a series of initiatives to help its employees.sOPHIa Oxford was created by OPHI with the support of the Oxford Department of International Development and the University’s innovation arm, Oxford University Innovation (OUI).  In Costa Rica partner Horizonte Positivo has already implemented the bMPI with 42 businesses successfully.See the full press release here.

OPHI and MPPN hosted a side Event at UN Statistical Commission 50th Session

On March 5, 2019, 1:15-2:30pm, the Multidimensional Poverty Peer Network (MPPN) hosted a side event at the UN Statistical Commission at the UN Headquarters in New York. The theme of the side event was: “Multidimensional Poverty: Measurement for Action”

The event was chaired by Mr Risenga Maluleke, the Statistician-General of South Africa and head of Statistics South Africa (Stats SA).

Confirmed speakers included:
– Camilo Simão Ferreira de Ceita, Director General, National Institute of Statistics, Angola
– Nour Goukouni Nour, Director General, National Institute for Statistics, Economic and Demographic Studies (INSEED), Chad
– Juan Daniel Oviedo Arango, Director General, National Administrative Department of Statistics (DANE), Colombia
– Zachary Mwangi, Director General, Kenya National Bureau of Statistics
– Abdella Zidan Allag, Chairman, Bureau of Statistics and Census, Libya
– Mohd Uzir Mahidin, Chief Statistician, Department of Statistics, Malaysia
– Julio Santaella, President, National Institute of Statistics and Geography (INEGI), Mexico
– Ariunzaya Ayush, Chairperson, National Statistics Office, Mongolia
– Suman Raj Aryal, Director General, Central Bureau of Statistics, Nepal
– Yemi Kale, Statistician General, National Bureau of Statistics, Nigeria
– Ola Awad, President, Palestine Central Bureau of Statistics
– Lisa Grace Bersales, National Statistician, Philippines
– Babacar Ndir, Director General, National Agency of Statistics and Demography (ANSD), Senegal
– Imelda Madgalene Atai, Acting Executive Director, Uganda Bureau of Statistics
– Sabina Alkire, Director, Oxford Poverty and Human Development Initiative

The MPPN has hosted side events annually at each of the four most recent UNSC Sessions. As in previous years, this side event provided an opportunity for leading statisticians and MPPN members at the forefront of innovations in poverty measurement to discuss and share their experiences using multidimensional poverty measures.

The 50th Session of the United Nations Statistical Commission took place from 5-8 March 2019 at the United Nations Headquarters in New York. Agenda items included: data and indicators for Agenda 2030, open data, national accounts, regional statistical development, education statistics, household surveys and statistical capacity building, among others.

For the agenda and updated list of speakers follow this link.

OPHI Summer School 2019, Dates Announced for Mexico City

2019 OPHI Summer School: Multidimensional Poverty Measurement & Analysis. The summer school is led by OPHI Director Sabina Alkire and the OPHI team, and will be held with the support of CONEVAL at their headquarters in Mexico City, Mexico, 12th – 24th August 2019.  For more information on the course content, requirements and how to apply, click here.

Previous Events

Taller Regional de Medición de Pobreza Multidimensional (en español): Panamá, 25-29 marzo 2019
Start Date: 25 Mar 2019
End Date: 29 Mar 2019
Location: Panama
With:

Brief Description: El curso es organizado por la Oxford Poverty and Human Development Initiative (OPHI), Universidad de Oxford, y el Ministerio de Desarrollo Social de Panamá, con el apoyo del Programa de Desarrollo de las Naciones Unidas (PNUD). El taller regional se … Continue reading Taller Regional de Medición de Pobreza Multidimensional (en español): Panamá, 25-29 marzo 2019

Two Distinguished Public Lectures on Bhutan's Democracy and Development
Start Date: 09 Jan 2019
End Date: 09 Jan 2019
Location: Sheldonian Theatre Oxford
With: His Excellency Dasho Tshering Tobgay former Prime Minister of Bhutan

Brief Description: Wednesday 9th January 2019, Sheldonian Theatre, University of Oxford, 2.30pm- 6.30pm The Oxford Poverty and Human Development Initiative (OPHI) is delighted to announce an afternoon of two Distinguished Public Lectures on Bhutan, by the Former Prime Minister of Bhutan, His … Continue reading Two Distinguished Public Lectures on Bhutan’s Democracy and Development

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