Multidimensional Poverty Measurement and Analysis, published by Oxford University Press in 2015, provides an in-depth account of multidimensional poverty comparison methodologies, with a particular focus on the Alkire-Foster method.
The book has four parts: 1) The first part introduces the framework for multidimensional measurement and provides an overview of a range of multidimensional techniques and the problems each can address. 2) The second gives a synthetic introduction of ‘counting’ approaches to multidimensional poverty measurement and provides an in-depth account of the counting multidimensional poverty measurement methodology developed by Alkire and Foster. 3) The penultimate part deals with the pre-estimation issues such as normative choices and distinctive empirical techniques used in measure design. 4) The final part deals with the post-estimation issues, such as robustness tests, statistical inferences, comparisons over time, assessments of inequality among the poor and some regression techniques.
The book has four parts:
GNH and GNH Index is a short guide to Gross National Happiness Index of Bhutan. It was published in 2012.
Bhutan’s GNH Index is a multidimensional measure and it is linked with a set of policy and programme screening tools so that it has practical applications. The GNH index is built from data drawn from periodic surveys which are representative by district, gender, age, rural-urban residence, income, etc. Representative sampling allows its results to be decomposed at various sub-national levels, and such disaggregated information can be examined and understood more by organisations and citizens for their uses. GNH Index provides an overview of performances across 9 domains. The aggregation method is a version of Alkire Foster method.
Download the report here.
This report, co-authored by Sabina Alkire the Director of OPHI and published in 2012, presents and analyses the 2010 Gross National Happiness (GNH) Index that was developed at the Centre for Bhutan Studies for the Royal Government of Bhutan. The GNH Index was constructed using an adaptation of the Alkire-Foster method for poverty measurement, and is based on data coming from a national multi-topic survey that is representative both by district and region.
Download the report here.
Co-authored by Oxford Poverty and Human Development Initiative (OPHI) and the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP), Pakistan, this report presents Pakistan’s first official national Multidimensional Poverty Index (MPI). It also includes a trend analysis spanning 2004–2015. Comparing poverty across provinces, regions and districts, Pakistan’s MPI provides a useful tool for targeting as well as for detecting and addressing spatial inequalities and other group-based disparities.
Download the report here.
This Report, jointly prepared by the League of Arab States, the United Nations Economic and Social Commission for Western Asia (ESCWA), the United Nations Children’s Fund (UNICEF) and the Oxford Poverty and Human Development Initiative (OPHI), assesses multidimensional poverty in the Arab region as part of the preparation for the implementation of the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs). Its main goal is to provide practical proposals for decision-makers in Arb countries to support their efforts to eradicate multidimensional poverty and achieve the 2030 Agenda.
This Report is a joint product of the Central Bureau of Statistics of Nepal and OPHI. It presents Nepal’s official national Multidimensional Poverty Index (MPI) based on Multiple Indicator Cluster Survey (MICS) 2014. Based on Alkire-Foster method, the Nepal MPI counts the joint deprivations faced by individuals. According to the computations, 28.6% of Nepal’s population is multidimensionally poor. The indicators that contribute most to multidimensional poverty in Nepal are undernutrition and households that lack any member who has completed five years of schooling. The Report also provides an overview of the Nepal MPI disaggregation by seven provinces, and brings out that, by harmonised datasets, the incidence of multidimensional poverty has gone down from 59% in 2006 to 39% in 2011 and 29% in 2014.
Download the Report here.
This Publication presents Chapter 1 of Jean Drèze’s book Sense and Solidarity: Jholawala Economics for Everyone (2017) and is published with permission. This chapter extends an earlier Economic and Political Weekly article on the complementarity of research and action, which challenged the conventional view that involvement in action detracts from objective enquiry. It argues that action-oriented research is not a stand-alone activity, but part of a larger effort to achieve practical change through democratic action. As such, the research needs to be communicated clearly to the public at large. Viewing research and action as complementary rather than antagonistic, also raises the ethical standards for research because the outcomes may have impacts well beyond publication. On a positive note, this may further motivate researchers – being no longer aloof from the conditions of those under study – to ensure these public ethical standards are fulfilled. In practice, to retain space for research, researchers are to avoid funding arrangements that hamper intellectual freedom. Finally, working with communities, researchers often come to realise that expertise is of many kinds, and the pursuit of academic knowledge is a collective endeavour, which is rightly documented by engaged research.
Download the chapter here.
This Report, co-authored by the National Statistics Bureau (NSB) of the Royal Government of Bhutan and Oxford Poverty and Human Development Initiative (OPHI), is the first update of Bhutan’s national Multidimensional Poverty Index since 2012. The Bhutan MPI monitors 13 indicators – food security, low education and inadequate sanitation, distributed across three dimensions: health, education and standard of living. The Report states that among the 13 MPI indicators, the largest contributors to national poverty in are deprivations in years of education (32%), followed by child mortality (23%) and school attendance (13%). A total of 8.4 percent of people who live in households where the head had no education are MPI poor compared with only 0.2% of people with heads having studied beyond grade IX. However, multidimensional poverty has almost been halved in the last five years. The report states that MPI fell from 0.051 to 0.023 between 2012 and 2017. The MPI is the product of percentage of poor people and the average intensity of poverty. Today, Bhutan’s multidimensional poverty rate is estimated at 5.8 percent of the population against 12.7 percent five years ago. This indicates that poor people in Bhutan experience 2.3 percent of the deprivations that would be experienced if all people were deprived in all indicators.
Download the Report here.
Monday 9th October
Multidimensional Poverty in Measurement and Policy
Professor John Hammock and Dr Bilal Malaeb, OPHI, University of Oxford
Monday 16th October
Multidimensional Impact Evaluation: The Case of WINGS in Uganda
Dr Bilal Malaeb, Research Officer, OPHI, University of Oxford (Joint work with Eustace Uzor, LSE)
Monday 23rd October
The Multidimensional Poverty Index (MPI) and other global indices
Dr Sabina Alkire, Director, OPHI, University of Oxford
Monday 30th October
Walls of Glass. Measuring Deprivation in Social Participation
Dr Nicolai Suppa, Research Associate, TU Dortmund
Monday 6th November
Causal claims to wellbeing improvement: the QuIP quest for better impact evaluation
Professor James Copestake, Department of Social and Policy Sciences, University of Bath
Monday 13th November
Chronic or Acute? Preference-Consistent measurement of Poverty over time
Dr Natalie Quinn, Senior Research Officer, OPHI, University of Oxford
Monday 20th November
Income and Multidimensional Poverty in Indonesia
Dr Usha Kanagaratnam, Research Officer, OPHI, University of Oxford
Monday 27th November
Multidimensional Poverty and Violence
Dr Christian Oldiges, Research Officer, OPHI, University of Oxford