Category Archives: Uncategorized

Seminar Archive – 2016

Monday 28 November
Do alternative measures of poverty matter? A comparison between consumption poverty and multidimensional poverty in Indonesia
With: Usha Kanagaratnam, DPhil candidate

Monday 21 November
Multidimensional poverty in China 2010-2014 Presentation
With: Yangyang Shen, OPHI

Monday 14 November
Changes in multidimensional poverty among countries in Sub-Saharan Africa – Results for 35 Countries
With: Christoph Jindra, OPHI

Monday 7 November
Measurement and determinants of child multidimensional poverty in Senegal
With: Bouba Housseini, OPHI

Monday 31 October
The research agenda on multidimensional poverty: important and as-yet unanswered questions
With: Dr Sabina Alkire, Director of OPHI

Monday 24 October
The Role of Natural Resources in the Aid-Growth-Poverty Puzzle
With: Juliana Milovich, University Paris Nanterre, France.

Monday 17 October
From academic research to policy and impact: lessons learned from OPHI Presentation
With: John Hammock, Co-founder of OPHI

Monday 10 October
Global MPI 2016 Presentation
With: Dr Sabina Alkire, Christoph Jindra, Bouba Housseini & Yangyang Shen

Monday 7 March
Changes in Multidimensional Poverty - some preliminary new results
With: Christoph Jindra, Research Officer, OPHI

Monday 29 February
Dynamic Measurement of China's Multidimensional Poverty and Stability Analysis - based on a comparison with income poverty Presentation
With: Yingfeng Fang, Wuhan University

Monday 22 February
Growth and Poverty Revisited from a Multidimensional Perspective Presentation
With: Maria Emma Santos, Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Cientificas y Tecnicas & OPHI

Monday 15 February
China's Global MPI Presentation
With: Yangyang Shen, Research Officer, OPHI

Monday 8 February
A Typology for the Measures of Poverty Using Multiple Deprivation Indicators Presentation
With: Selcuk Beduk, Department of Social Policy & Intervention, University of Oxford

Monday 1 February
Measuring Autonomy: Evidence from Bangladesh Presentation
With: Ana Vaz, Research Officer, OPHI

Monday 25 January
Measuring Multidimensional Poverty for Children aged 0-17: an exploratory analysis
With: Sabina Alkire, Director of OPHI

Monday 18 January
Work and Well-being. A Conceptual Suggestion based on the Capability Approach Presentation
With: Nicolai Suppa, Technical University of Dortmund

Seminar Archive – 2015

Monday 30 November
Multidimensional poverty in Brazil, 2000-2010
With: Adriana Stankiewicz Serra, Institute of Economics - University of Campinas, Brazil and Leeds University Business School

Monday 23 November
Missing the unhealthy? Examining the empirical validity of the Material Deprivation Indices of poverty Presentation
With: Selcuk Beduk, Department of Social Policy & Intervention, University of Oxford

Monday 16 November
Measuring malnutrition and dietary diversity: Theory and evidence from India Presentation
With: Christian Oldiges, Heidelberg University

Monday 9 November
MPI - A Stata command for the Alkire-Foster method Presentation
With: Christoph Jindra, OPHI, University of Oxford

Monday 2 November
Union vs intermediate approach to identification of poverty and some policy implications Presentation
With: Gisela Robles Aguilar, OPHI, University of Oxford

Monday 26 October
Measuring deprivation with exogenous weighting schemes and the possibility of heterogeneous target levels
With: Anders Herlitz(1) & David Horan(2), 1)Department of Philosophy, Linguistics and Theory of Science, University of Gothenburg & Department of Philosophy, Rutgers, The State University of New Jersey, 2)Department of Economics, Oxford Brookes University

Monday 19 October
The aspirational power of measuring poverty: How the Poverty Stoplight can complement the MPI Presentation
With: Katharina Hammler, Fundación Paraguaya

Monday 12 October
Introduction to OPHI
With: Sabina Alkire, Director of OPHI

Monday 9 March
‘A Multidimensional Poverty Index in the Sustainable Development Goals - interim reflections’ Presentation
With: Sabina Alkire, Director, OPHI

Monday 2 March
‘Identifying the destitute: An ordinal approach for identifying linked subsets of multidimensionally poor’
With: Suman Seth, Senior Research Officer, OPHI

Monday 23 February
‘Economic growth, inequality and multidimensional poverty: Evidence from a panel of countries’
With: Bouba Housseini, Research Officer, OPHI

Monday 16 February
Multidimensional poverty of households with disabled members in five Latin American countries
With: Monica Pinilla, DPhil student at the School of Social Policy, University of Birmingham

Monday 9 February
‘Inequality, growth and living standards in the OECD’ Presentation
With: Brian Nolan, Professor of Social Policy at the Department of Social Policy and Intervention, University of Oxford and Director of the Employment, Equity and Growth Programme at the Institute for New Economic Thinking, Oxford Martin School, University of Oxford

Monday 2 February
‘An exploration of the multidimensional poverty of women at household and individual level’ Presentation
With: Gisela Robles Aguilar, Research Officer, OPHI

Monday 26 January
‘Measuring women’s autonomy in Chad and its associations with breastfeeding practices’ Presentation
With: Ana Vaz, Research Officer, OPHI

Seminar Archive – 2014

Monday 1 December
'Robust pro-poorest poverty reduction with counting measures: the anonymous case' Presentation
With: Gaston Yalonetzky, Lecturer of Economics, University of Leeds

Monday 24 November
'Multidimensional poverty and inequality' Presentation
With: Bouba Housseini, OPHI Research Officer

Monday 17 November
'Multidimensional poverty measurement for EU-SILC countries' Presentation
With: Sabina Alkire, Director, OPHI

Monday 10 November
'Multidimensional poverty and inclusive growth in India: An analysis using growth elasticities' Presentation
With: Suman Seth, Senior Research Officer, OPHI

Tuesday 4 November
Special Guest Lecture at 5pm: 'The Art, the (Social) Science and the Politics of Building State Capability for Implementation' Presentation
With: Michael Woolcock, Lead Social Development Specialist, World Bank

Monday 27 October
'Understanding later life from a multidimensional perspective' Presentation
With: Jiweon Jun, Research Officer, Centre for Time Use Research, Department of Sociology, University of Oxford

Monday 20 October
'An empirical exploration of the “Shame of poverty” for Chile in 2009' Presentation
With: Gisela Robles Aguilar, Research Officer, OPHI

Monday 13 October
'Introduction to OPHI' Presentation
With: Sabina Alkire, Director, OPHI

Thursday 13 March
'Measuring human development index: The old, the new and the elegant' Presentation
With: Srijit Mishra, Associate Professor, Indira Ghandi Institute of Development Research

Thursday 6 March
'Assessing the impact of corruption on peace and development: A look at the Global Peace Index and the Mexico Peace Index'
With: Thomas Morgan, Research Fellow, Institute of Economics and Peace

Thursday 27 February
'Who are the poorest of the poor? Assessing Ultra Poverty in Developing Countries'
With: Suman Seth, Research Officer OPHI

Thursday 20 February
'Dynamics and drivers of consumption and multidimensional poverty: Evidence from rural Ethiopia' Presentation
With: Sindu W. Kebede, Post Doctoral Researcher, Humboldt University

Thursday 13 February
'Are there ethnic inequality traps in education? Evidence from Brazil and Chile' Presentation
With: Adriana Conconi, Research Officer OPHI

Thursday 6 February
'Multidimensional poverty and impact evaluation' Presentation
With: Ana Vaz, Research Officer OPHI

Thursday 23 January
'The methodologies of computing changes over time in multidimensional poverty: Comparisons and contrasts' Presentation
With: Sabina Alkire, Director OPHI

How to Explain the Measurement of Multidimensional Poverty to the General Public: Workshop for Journalists in Colombia

 OPHI Briefing 52 (in English) (pdf 6 pages)

In 2011, Colombia made an important change to the way in which poverty is measured. Together with a review of the methodology to measure monetary poverty, the government introduced a new methodology for measuring poverty – the Multidimensional Poverty Index for Colombia (MPI-C). This new scenario generated an important challenge: how to explain the existence of two poverty figures (monetary and multidimensional) to people. DANE, the institution in charge of measuring and disclosing poverty figures using the two methodologies, addressed this challenge by training media editors and reporters at a workshop on multi dimensional poverty entitled ‘the unknown dimension’. Silvia Botello from DANE gives an overview of the workshop.

Author: Silvia Botello

Year: 2019

Also available in Spanish.

Citation: Botello, S. (2019). ‘How to Explain the Measurement of Multidimensional Poverty to the General Public: Workshop for Journalists in Colombia.’ OPHI Briefing 52 (in English), University of Oxford.

El IPM para alcanzar las metas de reducción de la pobreza

 OPHI Briefing 51 (pdf 6 pages)

En julio de 2016, se emitió en Costa Rica la Directriz Presidencial N°045-MP en que se instó a todos los funcionarios del sector social a utilizar el Índice de Pobreza Multidimensional nacional como una herramienta oficial de medición, de información para asignación de recursos, de seguimiento y evaluación de los programas sociales. Previo al trabajo de cada institución para comenzar a planificar sus presupuestos considerando el IPM-CR, se realizó un ejercicio de simulación del posible impacto que tendría esta labor sobre la reducción de la pobreza multidimensional, cuyos resultados son el interés de este artículo. Este trabajo teórico fue realizado gracias a la alianza público privada entre el Gobierno de Costa Rica y la Asociación Horizonte Positivo, quienes se apoyaron en la firma consultora Cocobolo para el análisis estadístico de los datos.

Author: Andrés Fernández Arauz

Language: Spanish

Year: 2019

Citation: Fernández Arauz, A. (2019). ‘El IPM para alcanzar las metas de reducción de la pobreza’. OPHI Briefing 51, University of Oxford.

Former Prime Minister of Bhutan to give Distinguished Public Lecture in Oxford

Wednesday 9th January 2019, Sheldonian Theatre, University of Oxford, 2.30pm- 6.30pm The Oxford Poverty and Human Development Initiative (OPHI) is delighted to announce an afternoon of two Distinguished Public Lectures on Bhutan, by the Former Prime Minister of Bhutan, His Excellency Dasho Tshering Tobgay, and the President of the Center for Bhutan Studies & Gross National Happiness, Dasho Karma Ura. This event is free, and tickets are open to the public. Please book your ticket here. Event details, 9th January 2019, Sheldonian Theatre, Oxford: 2:30-4:00pm His Excellency Dasho Tshering Tobgay will speak on The First Ten Years of Democracy: Reflections from Bhutan. 5:00-6:30pm Dasho Karma Ura will give a lecture on Development with Integrity: Bhutan’s development and its Gross National Happiness Index, chaired by the Vice-Chancellor of the University of Oxford, Professor Louise Richardson. Discussants include Martine Durand (Chief Statistician, OECD) and James Foster (Professor of Economics and International Affairs at George Washington University). This event is part of the International Society of Bhutan Studies (ISBS) launch conference, taking place at Magdalen College, Oxford during 8-10th January 2019.  The conference seeks to develop the study of Bhutanese culture, life and nature in all aspects and encourage, inspire and motivate interest in lesser known aspects and promote and strengthen the areas of existing concentration. ISBS exists primarily to encourage academic exchange, among both Bhutanese and foreign scholars, and secondarily to contribute to the happiness of future generations. For information about the wider conference, please visit the conference website here. For further information please email:

Global MPI 2018 results to be launched on 20 September in New York

The launch of the updated global Multidimensional Poverty Index (MPI) data will take place on 20 September 2018 in New York. Confirmed speakers include UNDP Administrator Achim Steiner, Nobel Laureate Angus Deaton, and OPHI Director Sabina Alkire, among others.

The updated data is the result of an ongoing partnership between OPHI and the UNDP’s Human Development Report Office (HDRO). Some adjustments have been made to five of the global MPI indicators to better align the global MPI with the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs). The global MPI will be disaggregated by over 1500 sub-national regions, as well as by age and other demographic characteristics, making it particularly useful in identifying people who are left behind in multiple SDGs.

OPHI will be covering the launch and also publishing findings from the 2018 data on our websites and social media.

Hashtags: #GlobalMPI2018 #MPI4SDGs
Twitter: @ophi_oxford
Facebook: @ophi.oxford
Instagram: ophi_oxford

OPHI Highly Commended in ‘Excellence in Impact’ Awards

The UK Economic & Social Research Council (ESRC) has instituted an ‘Excellence in Impact’ awards scheme to celebrate impacts achieved by social scientists from four institutions – the Universities of Reading and Oxford, The Open University and Oxford Brookes University. Projects are rewarded for demonstrating “novel and thriving” ways in which social sciences research makes a difference both in the UK and globally.

At an awards ceremony in St Anne’s College on 19 April OPHI was judged to fall into the Highly Commended category, along with the Refugee Economies Programme of its sister research centre, the Refugee Studies Centre, within the Oxford Department of International Development.

OPHI’s award, which was received by Policy & Outreach Director Adriana Conconi, recognised work with international institutions such as the World Bank and the UN Development Programme on multidimensional poverty measurement methodology in furtherance of the global Sustainable Development Goals.

More info here.

Picture: Adriana Conconi and Paddy Coulter, OPHI Communications Director, at the ceremony (Picture by John Cairns.)

A New Project-Friendly Index Measuring Women’s Empowerment in Agriculture

In April the pilot version of a new index was launched at the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) Headquarters in Rome designed to measure women’s empowerment, agency and inclusion in the agriculture sector.

The index, called the Project-Women’s Empowerment in Agriculture Index (or Pro-WEAI) has been developed jointly by the International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI) and Oxford Poverty and Human Development Initiative (OPHI), along with thirteen partner projects. The purpose of this new index is to help agricultural development projects identify areas of existing empowerment and disempowerment, track progress and measure impact.

The Pro-WEAI is an adaptation of the Women’s Empowerment in Agriculture Index (WEAI), originally developed in 2012 by IFPRI, the United States Agency for International Development (USAID), and OPHI.

Pro-WEAI is composed of 12 indicators of women’s empowerment in agriculture, organised into three domains: intrinsic agency power within), instrumental agency (power to), and collective agency (power with).

Domains and Indicators of Pro-WEAI

Agnes Quisumbing, senior research fellow at IFPRI, said “The Pro-WEAI is a new tool that tells us what is happening within the household: Did participation in the project improve women’s control of income or intrahousehold harmony? Did it increase the possibility of domestic violence?”.

Bobbi Gray, research director of the Grameen Foundation, commented: “I believe the use of the Pro-WEAI tools is going to result in more approaches being designed in the future that engage men and women, maybe equally or in equitable ways—even if it’s for the benefit of women’s empowerment. This has been an eye-opening experience, and we look forward to continuing this sort of research in our other projects.”

Validation and testing of the index is still ongoing. The final version of the Pro-WEAI will be informed by the endline data and feedback from stakeholders and project partners.

More information is available at

A full recording of the Rome launch of the Pro-WEAI is available at

Photo credit: Farha Khan/IFPRI

Global MPI consultation