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Child Multidimensional Poverty in Thailand

This report presents the findings of the child MPI for Thailand, an official, permanent tool to measure multidimensional poverty among children aged 0-17 years.  The child MPI was developed by the National Economic and Social Development Council (NESDC) and the United Nations Children’s Fund (UNICEF) Thailand Country Office, with technical support from the Oxford Poverty and Human Development Initiative (OPHI) and the UNICEF Thailand Country Office. The findings are intended to guide policymakers and other key stakeholders in budget allocation and targeting in order to build human capital, reduce inequality, and eliminate poverty in all its dimensions. 

The child MPI is an individual measure of child poverty, with the child as the unit of identification and analysis. While results show that Thailand has reduced monetary poverty since 2005/2006, more than 20% of children in Thailand are still multidimensionally poor. Data from 2015/2016 showed that deprivations in Education contributed the most to child poverty at 41.1% followed by deprivations in Health (15.1%) and Health Prevention (15%). Poverty tended to be higher in rural areas (23% of children identified as poor) compared to urban areas (19%). The Northeast (25.6%) and North (23.2%) regions had the highest incidence of multidimensional poverty. Of the 14 provinces for which data was available, Kalasin had the highest incidence of poverty (40.2%) while Mae Hong Son had the highest intensity (40.6%) and Pattani had the highest overall MPI (0.141). 

These child MPI findings will be complemented in due course with a national MPI that assesses the multidimensional poverty of all of Thailand’s population, regardless of age.

Download the Report here.

2014/2015 Winter data tables

Global MPI Data Tables for 2014/2015

Detailed MPI data is available to download from the tables below.  Tables 1.1 – 5.3 were updated in Winter 2014/2015 and are appendices to the Methodological Note – Winter 2014/2015. They include:

  • Detailed MPI results at the country level (110 countries)
  • Breakdown of MPI results by rural and urban areas (108 countries)
  • MPI at the sub-national level for 803 regions of 71 countries

Table 6.1-6.6 was updated in June 2014 and covers changes to multidimensional poverty over time for 34 countries and their sub-national regions where possible. It is an appendix to the Methodological Note – Winter 2014/2015 andMultidimensional Poverty Dynamics:  Methodology and Results for 34 countries.

The tables are divided into sheets to help in navigating through the data. The chart below provides detailed information on what is included in each data table and sheet. You can download the tables by clicking on the icons in the right-hand column.

Table Contents Download
Tables 1.1-2.3 Main MPI results, headcount ratio by dimensions, contribution of deprivations and other measures of poverty and wellbeing at the national level (110 countries) Tables 1.1-2.3 excel
Tables 3.1-4.3 Multidimensional poverty, headcount ratio by dimension and contribution of deprivations in rural and urban areas (108 countries) Excel
Tables 5.1-5.3 Multidimensional poverty, headcount ratio by dimension and contribution of deprivations at the sub-national level (803 regions of 71 countries) Excel
Tables 6.1-6.6 Changes to MPI poverty over time, including annualised changes in headcount ratio and intensity, changes in each indicator at the national level and changes in destitution where available (34 countries) Excel

Citations: Please cite MPI data from tables 1.1 – 5.3 as: Alkire, S., Conconi, A., Robles, G. and Seth, S. (2015). “Multidimensional Poverty Index, Winter 2014/2015: Brief Methodological Note and Results.” OPHI Briefing 27, University of Oxford, January.

Please cite data from tables 6.1-6.6 as: Alkire, S., J. M. Roche and A. Vaz (2014): “Multidimensional Poverty Dynamics:  Methodology and Results for 34 countries”, Oxford Poverty and Human Development Initiative, Oxford University. ophi.qeh.ox.ac.uk

Country Briefings – 2018

Afghanistan (AFG)
Guatemala (GTM) Nigeria (NGA)
Albania (ALB)
Guinea (GIN)
Pakistan (PAK)
Algeria (DZA)
Guinea-Bissau (GNB)
Palestine, State of (PSE)
Angola (AGO)
Guyana (GUY)
Paraguay (PRY)
Armenia (ARM)
Haiti (HTI)
Peru (PER)
Azerbaijan (AZE)
Honduras (HND)
Philippines (PHL)
Bangladesh (BGD)
India (IND)
Rwanda (RWA)
Barbados (BRB)
Indonesia (IDN)
Saint Lucia (LCA)
Benin (BEN)
Iraq (IRQ)
Sao Tome & Principe (STP)
Belize (BLZ)
Jamaica (JAM)
Senegal (SEN)
Bhutan (BTN)
Jordan (JOR)
Serbia (SRB)
Bolivia (BOL)
Kazakhstan (KAZ)
Sierra Leone (SLE)
Bosnia & Herzegovina (BIH)
Kenya (KEN)
Somalia (SOM)
Brazil (BRA)
Kyrgyzstan (KGZ)
South Africa (ZAF)
Burkina Faso (BFA)
Lao PDR (LAO)
South Sudan (SSD)
Burundi (BDI)
Liberia (LBR)
Sudan (SDN)
Cambodia (KHM)
Libya (LBY)
Suriname (SUR)
Cameroon (CMR)
Lesotho (LSO)
Swaziland (SWZ)
Central African Rep. (CAF)
Macedonia (MKD)
Syrian Arab Republic (SYR)
Chad (TCD)
Madagascar (MDG)
Tajikistan (TJK)
China (CHN)
Malawi (MWI)
Tanzania (TZA)
Colombia (COL)
Maldives (MDV)
Thailand (THA)
Comoros (COM)
Mali (MLI)
Timor-Leste (TLS)
Congo (COG)
Mauritania (MRT)
Togo (TGO)
Congo DR (COD)
Mexico (MEX)
Trinidad and Tobago (TTO)
Cote d’Ivoire (CIV)
Moldova (MDA)
Tunisia (TUN)
Djibouti (DJI)
Mongolia (MNG)
Turkmenistan (TKM)
Dominican Republic (DOM)
Montenegro (MNE)
Uganda (UGA)
Ecuador (ECU)
Morocco (MAR)
Ukraine (UKR)
Egypt (EGY)
Mozambique (MOZ)
Uzbekistan (UZB)
El Salvador (SLV)
Myanmar (MMR)
Vanuatu (VUT)
Ethiopia (ETH)
Namibia (NAM)
Viet Nam (VNM)
Gabon (GAB)
Nepal (NPL)
Yemen (YEM)
Gambia (GMB)
Nicaragua (NIC)
Zambia (ZMB)
Ghana (GHA)
Niger (NER)
Zimbabwe (ZWE)

How to Build a National Multidimensional Poverty Index (MPI): Using the MPI to inform the SDGs.

This joint handbook by United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) and the Oxford Poverty and Human Development Initiative (OPHI), University of Oxford, provides practical guidance for policymakers, statisticians, practitioners and others seeking or engaged in developing a national Multidimensional Poverty Index (MPI). It is also intended as a resource for academics, journalists and others interested in broadening their country’s poverty metrics, in line with the 2030 Agenda and Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs). With the use of the national MPI, UNDP and OPHI hope to strengthen national capacities of policymakers, technical experts and other stakeholders to:

  • Build a deeper, more holistic understanding of what poverty means in their national contexts, in complement with existing monetary measures;
  • Track, report and review progress in reducing multidimensional poverty, in keeping with the 2030 Agenda SDG target 1.2;
  • Use evidence to improve policies, reach the most severely poor and facilitate approaches to implement the SDGs that work across sectors to address the deprivations that leave people behind;
  • Broaden national ownership and engagement in efforts to eradicate poverty in all its form.

Download the Handbook here.

2018 global MPI resources

 

Tables 1.1-1.7 Main MPI results, headcount ratio by dimensions, contribution of deprivations and other measures of poverty and wellbeing at the national level (105 countries). Download
Tables 2.1-2.12 Multidimensional poverty, headcount ratio by dimension and contribution by different poverty cut-offs (105 countries). Download
Tables 3.1-3.6 Multidimensional poverty, headcount ratio by dimension and contribution of deprivations  by age groups. Download
Table 4.1-4.6 Multidimensional poverty, headcount ratio by dimension and contribution of deprivations in rural and urban areas (105 countries). Download
Table 5.1-5.6 

 

and 5a1–5a4

Multidimensional poverty, headcount ratio by dimension and contribution of deprivations at the sub-national level. Download

 

5a. India disaggregation by district. Download

Table 6a 6a. India: Changes over time. Download
Table 7  The table presents an archive of all MPI estimations published since 2010. These are not harmonised for comparisons over time. Table 7 covers 361 estimations for 120 countries in 2018, of which 256 estimates are based on the original MPI and 105 estimates are based on the 2018 revised MPI. Download

Do-files 2018

Afghanistan
Ghana Nigeria
Albania Guatemala Pakistan
Algeria Guinea Palestine, State of
Angola Guinea Bissau Paraguay
Armenia Guyana Peru
Azerbaijan Haiti Philippines
Bangladesh Honduras Rwanda
Barbados India Saint Lucia
Belize Indonesia Sao Tome and Principe
Benin Iraq Senegal
Bhutan
Jamaica Serbia
Bolivia Jordan Sierra Leone
Bosnia and Herzegovina Kazakhstan Somalia
Brazil Kenya South Africa
Burkina Faso Kyrgyzstan South Sudan
Burundi Lao PDR Sudan
Cambodia  Lesotho Suriname
Cameroon Liberia Syria
Central African Republic Libya Tajikistan
Chad Madagascar Tanzania
China Malawi TFYR of Macedonia
Colombia Maldives Thailand
Comoros Mali Timor-Leste
Congo Mauritania Togo
Congo DR Mexico Trinidad and Tobago
Côte d’Ivoire Moldova Tunisia
     Djibouti Mongolia Turkmenistan
Dominican Republic Montenegro Uganda
Ecuador Morocco Ukraine
Egypt Mozambique Uzbekistan
El Salvador Myanmar Vanuatu
eSwatini Namibia Viet Nam
Ethiopia Nepal Yemen
Gabon Nicaragua   Zambia
  Niger Zimbabwe

2017/2018 Winter global MPI resources

Data tables 1.1-2.3 Main MPI results, headcount ratio by dimensions, contribution of deprivations and other measures of poverty and wellbeing at the national level (104 countries). Download
Data tables 3.1-4.3 Multidimensional poverty, headcount ratio by dimension and contribution of deprivations in rural and urban areas (104 countries). Download
Data tables 5.1-5.4 Multidimensional poverty, headcount ratio by dimension and contribution of deprivations at the sub-national level. Download
Table 7 The table presents an archive of all MPI estimations published since 2010. These are not harmonized for comparisons over time. Table 7 covers 256 estimations for 120 countries in 2016. Download

2017 Summer global MPI resources

Brief46_thumb Children’s Multidimensional Poverty: disaggregating the global MPI
Download

Global Multidimensional Poverty Index 2017

Download

‘Multidimensional Poverty Index – Summer 2017:
Brief Methodological Note and Results’, OPHI MPI Methodological Note 44.

Press-release-icon-winter-20142015-MPI Press release: Half the world’s poor are children
Download
Tables 1.1-2.3 excel Data tables 1.1-2.3
Main MPI results, headcount ratio by dimensions, contribution of deprivations and other measures of poverty and wellbeing at the national level (103 countries)
Download
Tables 1.1-2.3 excel Data tables 3.1-4.3
Multidimensional poverty, headcount ratio by dimension and contribution of deprivations in rural and urban areas (102 countries)
Download
Tables 1.1-2.3 excel Data tables 5.1-5.4
Multidimensional poverty, headcount ratio by dimension and contribution of deprivations at the sub-national level (988 regions of 78 countries)
Download
Tables 1.1-2.3 excel Table 7
The table presents an archive of all MPI estimations published since 2010. These are not harmonized for comparisons over time. Table 7 covers 256 estimations for 120 countries in 2016.
Download
Tables 1.1-2.3 excel Table 8
Multidimensional poverty, headcount ratio by dimensions and contribution of deprivations for different age groups at the national level (103 countries).
Download

2016/2017 Winter global MPI resources

methodological Multidimensional Poverty Index – Winter 2016: Brief methodological note and results.

OPHI MPI Methodological Note 43, 2016.
Download

Tables 1.1-2.3 excel  Data tables 1.1-2.3
Main MPI results, headcount ratio by dimensions, contribution of deprivations and other measures of poverty and wellbeing at the national level (103 countries)
Download
Tables 1.1-2.3 excel  Data tables 3.1-4.3
Multidimensional poverty, headcount ratio by dimension and contribution of deprivations in rural and urban areas (101 countries)
Download
Tables 1.1-2.3 excel Data tables 5.1-5.4
Multidimensional poverty, headcount ratio by dimension and contribution of deprivations at the sub-national level (962 regions of 77 countries)
Download
Tables 1.1-2.3 excel Table 7
The table presents an archive of all MPI estimations published since 2010. These are not harmonized for comparisons over time (for harmonized estimations see Table 6 from summer 2016 update). Table 7 covers 241 estimations for 119 countries in Winter 2016.
Download

2016 Summer global MPI Resources

8page Multidimensional poverty in Africa (8 pages). OPHI Briefing 40, 2016.
Download
MPI-2015-2-pager_WEB The Global Multidimensional Poverty Index 2016: In brief (2 pages). OPHI Briefing 41, 2016.
Download
8page  Multidimensional Poverty in Africa: An overview (8 pages) (in French). OPHI Briefing 43, 2016.
Download
methodological Multidimensional Poverty Index – Summer 2016: Brief methodological note and results. OPHI Briefing 42, 2016.
Download
Press-release-icon-winter-20142015-MPI Press release: Latest figures on where 1.6 billion poor people live
Download
Tables 1.1-2.3 excel  Data tables 1.1-2.3
Main MPI results, headcount ratio by dimensions, contribution of deprivations and other measures of poverty and wellbeing at the national level (102 countries)
Download
Tables 1.1-2.3 excel  Data tables 3.1-4.3
Multidimensional poverty, headcount ratio by dimension and contribution of deprivations in rural and urban areas (100 countries)
Download
Tables 1.1-2.3 excel Data tables 5.1-5.4
Multidimensional poverty, headcount ratio by dimension and contribution of deprivations at the sub-national level (962 regions of 78 countries)
Download
Tables 1.1-2.3 excel Data tables 6.1-6.6
Changes to MPI poverty over time, including annualised changes in headcount ratio and intensity, changes in each indicator at the national level and changes in destitution where available (50 countries)
Download
Tables 1.1-2.3 excel Table 7
The table presents an archive of all MPI estimations published since 2010. These are not harmonized for comparisons over time (for harmonized estimations see Table 6). Table 7 covers 232 estimations for 118 countries in 2016.
Download

2015/2016 Winter global MPI Resources

Thumbnail of Poverty Maps brief Poverty Maps. OPHI Briefing 37, 2015.
Download (pdf)
Thumbnail Winter 2015-2016 MPI Methodology MPI – Winter 2015/2016: Brief methodological note and results. OPHI Briefing 36, 2015.
Download (pdf)