Category Archives: Methodological Note

MPI Methodological Note 43

Multidimensional Poverty Index – Winter 2016: Brief Methodological Note and Results

The Multidimensional Poverty Index (MPI) Winter 2016 updates use the same parameters (dimensions, indicators, cutoffs and weights) and the same functional form (Alkire and Foster Adjusted Headcount Ratio M0) as in previous years. This brief methodological note presents the Winter 2016 MPI updates, and releases the tables with the full results: national MPI, destitution and vulnerability results, rural, urban, subnational region, changes over time, and complete estimations, as well as complementary data, dimensional breakdowns, and confidence intervals. Destitution data are now available for 102 countries. It first explains the main updates in the Winter 2016 MPI, following the guidelines for updates presented in the 2014 Methodological Note (Alkire, Conconi and Seth 2014b). It uses the MPI methodology that has been presented in detail in previous methodological notes (Alkire and Santos 2010; Alkire, Roche, Santos and Seth 2011; Alkire, Conconi and Roche 2013; Alkire, Conconi and Seth 2014b; Alkire and Robles 2015; Alkire, Jindra, Robles and Vaz 2016). Then it briefly describes the methodological assumptions considered for the estimation of each dataset. The results of these estimations are presented in the form of 7 main tables, 103 country briefings and the interactive databank, all available on OPHI’s website (www.ophi.org.uk).

Citation: Alkire, S. and Robles, G. (2016). ‘Multidimensional Poverty Index – Winter 2016: Brief methodological note and results’, OPHI MPI Methodological Note 43, Oxford Poverty and Human Development Initiative (OPHI),  University of Oxford.

MPI Methodological Note 44

Multidimensional Poverty Index – Summer 2017: Brief Methodological Note and Results

The Multidimensional Poverty Index (MPI) 2017 uses the same parameters (dimensions, indicators, cutoffs, and weights) and the same functional form (Alkire and Foster Adjusted Headcount Ratio M0) as in previous years. This brief methodological note presents the 2017 MPI updates and releases tables with the full results in these categories: national MPI, destitution and vulnerability results, rural, urban, subnational regions, changes over time, and complete estimations, as well as complementary data, dimensional breakdowns, and confidence intervals. Destitution data are now available for all 103 countries. It first explains the main updates in the 2017 MPI, following the guidelines for updates presented in the 2014 Methodological Note (Alkire, Conconi and Seth 2014b). It uses the MPI methodology that has been presented in detail in previous methodological notes (Alkire and Santos 2010; Alkire, Roche, Santos and Seth 2011; Alkire, Conconi and Roche 2013; Alkire, Conconi and Seth 2014b; Alkire and Robles 2015; Alkire, Jindra, Robles and Vaz 2016). Then it briefly describes the methodological assumptions for the estimation of each dataset. It adds a new section on disaggregation by children. The results of these estimations are presented in eight main tables (Table 8 focusing on age disaggregation), 103 country briefings and the interactive databank, all available on OPHI’s website (www.ophi.org.uk).

Citation for the Note: Alkire, S. and Robles, G. (2017). ‘Multidimensional Poverty Index – Summer 2017: Brief methodological note and results’, OPHI MPI Methodological Note 44, Oxford Poverty and Human Development Initiative, University of Oxford.

Citation for Tables 1-7: Alkire, S. and Robles, G. (2017). ‘Multidimensional Poverty Index – Summer 2017: Brief methodological note and results’. OPHI MPI Methodological Note 44, Oxford Poverty and Human Development Initiative, University of Oxford.

Citation For Table 8: Alkire, S. Jindra, C. Robles, G. and Vaz, A. (2017). ‘Multidimensional Poverty Index – Summer 2017: Brief methodological note and results’. OPHI MPI Methodological Note 44, Oxford Poverty and Human Development Initiative, University of Oxford.

MPI Methodological Note 45

Multidimensional Poverty Index – Winter 2017-18: Brief Methodological Note and Results

The Multidimensional Poverty Index (MPI) 2017-18 uses the same parameters (dimensions, indicators, cutoffs, and weights) and the same functional form (Alkire and Foster Adjusted Headcount Ratio M0) as in previous years. This brief methodological note presents the 2017-18 MPI updates and releases tables with the full results in these categories: national MPI, destitution and vulnerability, disaggregation for rural, urban, subnational regions, and complete estimations, as well as complementary data, dimensional breakdowns, and confidence intervals. Destitution data are available for all 104 countries. This brief methodological note first explains the main updates in the 2017-18 MPI, following the guidelines for updates presented in the 2014 Methodological Note (Alkire, Conconi and Seth 2014b). It then summarises the MPI methodology that has been presented in detail in other documents (Alkire and Santos 2010; Alkire, Roche, Santos and Seth 2011). This note then briefly describes the methodological assumptions for the estimation of each updated country dataset. The results of these estimations are presented in Tables 1-5 and 7, 104 country briefings and the interactive databank, all available on OPHI’s website (www.ophi.org.uk).

Citation: Alkire, S. and Kanagaratnam, U. (2018) ‘Multidimensional Poverty Index – Winter 2017-18: Brief methodological note and results’, OPHI MPI Methodological Note 45,  Oxford Poverty and Human Development Initiative (OPHI), University of Oxford.

Citation for Tables 1-5 and 7: Alkire, S. and Kanagaratnam, U. (2018). ‘Multidimensional Poverty Index – Winter 2017-18: Brief methodological note and results’. OPHI MPI Methodological Note 45, Oxford Poverty and Human Development Initiative, University of Oxford.

OPHI MPI Methodological Note 46

The Global Multidimensional Poverty Index (MPI): 2018 Revision

Drawing on the past methodological documents since 2010 for MPI-O and MPI-I, and on the global 2018 revision, this document provides a comprehensive guide to the methodology for estimating and reporting the global MPI in 2018. The methodology for the first global MPI by Alkire and Santos (2010) was documented in a working paper co-published by OPHI and HDRO. The underlying methodology, dimensions and number of indicators have remained unchanged since 2010. This document summarizes how the global MPI 2018 is computed.  However, before moving to the specifics, we provide a brief intuitive introduction to the MPI and its linked partial and sub-indices, and clarify how a global MPI differs from official national poverty statistics.

Citation: Alkire, S., Kanagaratnam, U. and Suppa, N. (2018). ‘The Global Multidimensional Poverty Index (MPI): 2018 revision’, OPHI MPI Methodological Note 46, Oxford Poverty and Human Development Initiative, University of Oxford.

Citation for Tables 1-5, and 7: Alkire, S., Kanagaratnam, U. and Suppa, N. (2018). ‘The Global Multidimensional Poverty Index (MPI): 2018 revision’, OPHI MPI Methodological Note 46, Oxford Poverty and Human Development Initiative, University of Oxford.

Citation for Tables 5a and 6: Alkire, S., Oldiges, C. and Kanagaratnam, U. (2018). ‘Multidimensional poverty reduction in India 2005/6–2015/16: Still a long way to go but the poorest are catching up’, OPHI Research in Progress 54a, University of Oxford.

OPHI MPI Methodological Note 47

This document presents the methodology and technical decisions behind the global Multidimensional Poverty Index (MPI) 2019, the Stata do-files and the results presented in Tables 1–5. This document is part of OPHI’s Methodological Notes series. A Methodological Note is published for every release of the global MPI.

Citation for this document and global MPI 2019 data tables, namely Table 1 (National Results), Table 2 (Other k Values), Table 3 (Age Results), Table 4 (Area Results), Table 5 (Subnational Results), and Table 7 (All MPI Data Published Since 2010):
Alkire, S., Kanagaratnam, U. and Suppa, N. (2019). ‘The Global Multidimensional Poverty Index (MPI) 2019’, OPHI MPI Methodological Note 47, Oxford Poverty and Human Development Initiative, University of Oxford.

Citation for Table 6 (Changes over time):
Alkire, S., Kovesdi, F., Mitchell, C., Pinilla-Roncancio, M. and Scharlin-Pettee, S. (2019). ‘Changes over time in the global Multidimensional Poverty Index: A ten-country study’, OPHI MPI Methodological Note 48, Oxford Poverty and Human Development Initiative, University of Oxford.

OPHI MPI Methodological Note 48

This brief methodological note presents a ten-country study of changes over time in multidimensional poverty, using the 2019 global MPI specifications. Accompanying tables release the full results in these categories: national, rural, urban, subnational regions, age groups and complete estimations, as well as complementary data, indicator breakdowns, and standard errors. This note first explains the choice of the ten countries for this preliminary study of changes over time. It then describes the principles used to guide the data harmonisation process and the estimation procedures. Then, it provides the methodological details of harmonisation for the estimation of each dataset used. The results of these estimations are presented in Table 6, available online.

Citation: Alkire, S., Kovesdi, F., Mitchell, C., Pinilla-Roncancio, M. and Scharlin-Pettee, S. (2019). ‘Changes over time in the global Multidimensional Poverty Index: A ten-country study’, OPHI MPI Methodological Note 48, Oxford Poverty and Human Development Initiative, University of Oxford.

Multidimensional Poverty Index – Summer 2017: Brief Methodological Note and Results

OPHI Briefing (MPI Methodological Note) 44 (pdf)

The Multidimensional Poverty Index (MPI) Summer 2017 updates use the same parameters (dimensions, indicators, cutoffs and weights) and the same functional form (Alkire and Foster Adjusted Headcount Ratio M0) as in previous years. This brief methodological note presents the Summer 2017 MPI updates, and releases the tables with the full results: national MPI, destitution and vulnerability results, rural, urban, subnational region, changes over time, and complete estimations, as well as complementary data, dimensional breakdowns, and confidence intervals. Destitution data are now available for 102 countries. It first explains the main updates in the Summer 2017 MPI, following the guidelines for updates presented in the 2014 Methodological Note (Alkire, Conconi and Seth 2014b). It uses the MPI methodology that has been presented in detail in previous methodological notes (Alkire and Santos 2010; Alkire, Roche, Santos and Seth 2011; Alkire, Conconi and Roche 2013; Alkire, Conconi and Seth 2014b; Alkire and Robles 2015; Alkire, Jindra, Robles and Vaz 2016). Then it briefly describes the methodological assumptions considered for the estimation of each dataset. The results of these estimations are presented in the form of 7 main tables, 103 country briefings and the interactive databank, all available on OPHI’s website (www.ophi.org.uk).

Authors: Sabina Alkire and Gisela Robles

Year: 2017