Category Archives: About

Dasho Karma Ura

Job title: Visiting Fellow
Email:  Please contact


Dasho Karma Ura has been the Executive President of The Centre for Bhutan Studies since 2008. From 1989 to 1998, he worked in the Planning Commission of Bhutan before joining the Centre for Bhutan and GNH Studies. He is a member of several international boards and working groups including the Advisory Board of the Wellbeing Research Centre at the University of Oxford, the Earth Trusteeship Working Group (ETWG), the Global Happiness Council in the UAE, and the World Happiness Report.


BA in Politics, Philosophy and Economics, Magdalen College, University of Oxford, UK.
MPhil in Economics, University of Edinburgh, UK.
PhD, Nagoya University, Japan.

Research interests 

Development policies; GNH (Gross National Happiness); wellbeing policy indicators; Buddhist iconographic painting and designs.

Selected publications


Ura, K. (2022). The Unremembered Nation – Bhutan, Community and Livelihood, Vol. 1 Oxford: OUP (forthcoming in July 2022).

Ura, K. (2022). The Unremembered Nation – Bhutan, Art and Ideals, Vol 2. Oxford: OUP (forthcoming in July 2022).

Ura, K. (1995). The hero with a thousand Eyes: A historical novel. Thimphu: Karma Ura.

Ura, K., Alkire, S., Zangmo, T., and Wangdi, K. (2012). An extensive Analysis of GNH. Thimphu: Centre for Bhutan Studies & GNH Research.

Ura, K. and Thinley, J. (Trans). (2020) Discourse on the legal decree of Precious Palden Drukpa, victorious in all directions. Thimphu: Centre for Bhutan and GNH Studies.

Book chapters 

Ura, K. (2019). In Mearman, A., Berger, S., and Guizza, D. (Eds.). What is heterodox economics? Conversation with leadings economists (pp. 82–93). Routledge.

Ura, K. (2016). Longchen’s forests of poetry and rivers of composition: Introduction and translation of “The illuminating map – titled as forest park of flower garden – of Bumthang, the divine hidden land” by Longchen Ramjam (1308-1363). Thimphu: Centre for Bhutan and GNH Studies.

Ura, K. (2016). Gross National Happiness, values education and schooling for sustainability in Bhutan. In Gorana, R. N. and Kanaujia, P. R. (Eds.), Reorienting educational efforts for sustainable development: Experiences from South Asia, pp. 71­–88. Netherlands: Springer. Ura, K. (2017). Bhutan’s Indian rupee shortage: Macroeconomic causes and cures. In Mitra, S., and Jeong, H. Y. (Eds.), Bhutan: New pathways to growth. New Delhi: ADB and Oxford University Press.

Ura, K. (2017). The experience of Gross National Happiness as a development framework. In Mitra, S., and Jeong, H. Y. (Eds.), Bhutan: New pathways to growth. New Delhi: ADB and Oxford University Press.

Ura, K. (2016). Balancing GDP with GNH. In Thomas, S. T. (Ed.), Globalization and development: In search of new development paradigm (Vol. III), pp. 3–38. London and New York: Routledge.

Ura, K. (2013). Destiny of Nations. In Redeveloping America. UK/US: McMillan.

Ura, K. (1997). Development and tradition. In Schickgruber, C. and Pommaret, F. (Eds.), Mountain fortress of the gods, pp. 239–252. London: Serindia Publications.

Ura, K. (1994). Development and decentralization in medieval and modern Bhutan. In Aris, M., and Hutt, M. (Eds.), Bhutan: Aspects of culture and development. Scotland: Paul Strachan – Kiscadale Ltd.

Ura, K., Stringer, R., and Bulte, E. (2009). Wildlife and Human Conflicts in Bhutan. In Lipper, L., Sakuyama, T., Stringer, R., and Zilberman, D. (Eds.), Payment for environmental services in agricultural landscapes. Natural Resource Management and Policy, (Vol. XXXI). New York: Springer.


Ura, K. (1993). The nomads’ gamble: Pastoralists of northern Bhutan. In South Asia Research (Vol. XIII), pp. 81–101. School of Oriental and African Studies.

Ura, K. and Pablos, P. O. d. (Eds.). (2012). Advancing technologies for Asian business and economics: Information management developments. US: Information Science Reference, IGI Global.

Ura, K and Santos, E. (2008). Multidimensional Poverty Measurement of Poverty in Bhutan. Journal of Bhutan Studies, 18 (1). pp. 1–50.

Nteranya Sanginga

Job title: Executive Assistant and Project Administrator


Nteranya recently graduated from the University of Oxford’s MPhil in Development Studies. Prior to this, he was based in Minnesota, USA, where he completed his undergraduate degree in Political Science at Macalester College. He has served as the Director of Programs for Future Africa, an organisation redesigning political, economic and social discourse in Africa by bridging the gap between public policy leaders and proven approaches to address current and future development needs on the continent. He has also served as the Content Director for CongoExcellence, a facilitative platform for young Congolese around the world to elevate national economic growth and standard of living, while simultaneously sustaining this growth for future generations to come.


MPhil Development Studies, University of Oxford 
BA Political Science, Macalester College

Research interests

International development; post-conflict reconciliation; arts and culture; dance; dance mediation; poverty and conflict.

Kelly-Ann Fonderson

Job title: Communications and Events Officer


Kelly-Ann is a Communications and Events Officer at OPHI. She ensures the global MPI, national MPIs and OPHI’s strategic aims are effectively communicated to technical and non-research audiences.

Prior to OPHI, Kelly-Ann was an ACP Young Professional Network (ACP YPN) youth ambassador to the UN and European Union. She has facilitated workshops and panels internationally on youth inclusive decision-making in African Caribbean Pacific (ACP) – European Union (EU) relations. 

Kelly-Ann is a 2019 Tuwezeshe Akina Dada fellow sponsored by FORWARD UK, an NGO promoting the dignity of African women, while advocating against sexual and gender-based violence. Her research on women’s empowerment and land rights in Northwest Cameroon uses mixed methods to assess the gendered cultural, legal and economic barriers women face to owning land. Kelly-Ann has taught economics at Sidney Sussex College, University of Cambridge and completed a research internship at the Institute of Historical Justice and Reconciliation.


MPhil Development Studies, University of Oxford 
Bsc (Hons) Politics and International Relations, University of Bath

Research interests

International development; inequality; multidimensional poverty; law; gender and development, feminist economics; women’s empowerment; gender based violence; CRT.

Ana María Marin Morales

Ana Marin Morales 2022

Job title: Events and Communications Officer


Ana María Bossward-Marin is an Events and Communications Officer leading OPHI’s busy programme of international events and supporting OPHI’s communications.

By training, Ana is a visual and material culture anthropologist. Her research agenda includes joint projects with vulnerable communities, such as the repatriation of visual collections as tools for cultural revival initiatives and intergenerational dialogue with indigenous communities in Colombia. She has co-curated museum exhibitions and categorized and analysed archival material for the University of Oxford, the National General Archive of Colombia, and the National University of Colombia. 

Prior to OPHI, she was part of the CONPEACE: From Conflict Actors to Architects of Peace programme as a researcher, consultant, and a Colombian focal point developing and organising cross-stakeholder fora and briefings. 


MSc in Visual, Material and Museum Anthropology, University of Oxford
BSc in Anthropology, Universidad Nacional de Colombia

Research Interests 

Humanitarian and security crisis differential impact on ethnic communities located in Colombia’s border areas; how the role of memory could be amplified and better nuanced through the returning of audio-visual collections for the empowerment of communities located in conflict zones to propel local projects for peacebuilding and development. 

Dr Herizo Andrianandrasana

Job Title: Researcher
Email: Please contact


Herizo is using remote sensing and GIS techniques to look at key environmental variables that can be associated with the Multidimensional Poverty Index (MPI). He is now working with Sabina Alkire and Dyah Pritadrajati to write a paper on changes in MPI and environmental deprivations in Madagascar.

Herizo completed his DPhil in 2017 at the Oxford Long Term Ecology Lab (OxLEL) Department of Zoology, University of Oxford. To our knowledge, he is the first Malagasy person to be awarded a doctorate degree at the University of Oxford.

He is a conservation practitioner with 18 years’ experience in community-based conservation approach including participatory ecological monitoring in Madagascar.

He won the 2014 Tusk Award for Conservation in Africa, presented by HRH Prince William, and the 2006 Ramsar Crane Bank Award.


DPhil in Conservation Biology, University of Oxford
Postgraduate Diploma in International Wildlife Conservation Practice, University of Oxford DEA (MSc) in Ecology and Development, University of Antananarivo
Water and Forest Engineer degree, Department of Forestry, University of Antananarivo

Research interests

Biodiversity conservation; conservation impact evaluation; remote sensing, and GIS.

Selected publications

Hudson M., Andrianandrasana H., Lewis R., Gerrie R. and Concannon L. (2018). Unprecedented rates of deforestation in Menabe Antimena: Can we halt this catastrophic damage? Durrell Wildlife Conservation Trust.

Waeber, P.O., Ratsimbazafy J.H., Andrianandrasana H., Ralainasolo, F.B., & Nievergelt, C.M. (2018). ‘Hapalemur alaotrensis, a conservation case study from the swamps of Alaotra, Madagascar’, Barnett A.A., Matsuda, I., and Nowak, K. (eds). (2019). Primates in Flooded Habitats; Ecology and Conservation, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

GOFC-GOLD (2017). A Sourcebook of Methods and Procedures for Monitoring Essential Biodiversity Variables in Tropical Forests with Remote Sensing. Report version UNCBD COP-13, GOFC-GOLD Land Cover Project Office, Wageningen University, The Netherlands. ISSN: 2542-6729.

Danielsen, F., Jensen, P.M., Burgess, N., Holt, S., Andrianandrasana, H., Sam, R., Brashares, J., Burton, A.C., Rueda, R., Corpuz, N., Massao, J., Young, R., Lewis, R., Sørensen, M., Poulsen, M.K., Alviola, F., Funder, M., Skielboe, T., Fjeldså, J., Hübertz, H., Enghoff, M., Topp-Jørgensen, Elmer J., Ngaga, Y.M., Jensen, A., Indiana, C. (2014). ‘Who needs a degree? A comparison of trends in tropical resources measured by villagers and scientists’, BioScience 64, 3, pp. 236–251.

Ratsimbazafy J.H., Ralainasolo F.B., Rendings A., Contreras J.M., Andrianandrasana H., Mandimbihasina A.R., Nievergelt C.M., Lewis R., & Waeber P.O. (2013). ‘Gone in a puff of smoke? Hapalemur alaotrensis at a great risk of extinction’, Lemur News 17.

Danielsen F., Skutsch M., Burgess N.D., Jensen P.M., Andrianandrasana H., Karky B., Lewis R., Lovett J.C., Massao J., Ngaga Y., Phartiyal P., Poulsen M.K., Singh S.P., Solis S., Sørensen M., Tewari A., Young R. and Zahabu E. (2010). ‘At the heart of REDD+: a role for local people in monitoring forests?’ Conservation Letters 4–2, 158–167. doi 10.1111/j.1755-263X.2010.00159.x

Zinner, D., Wygoda, C., Razafimanantsoa, L., Rasoloarison, R., Andrianandrasana, H., Ganzhorn, J.U. & Toler, F. (2014). ‘Analysis of deforestation patterns in the central Menabe, Madagascar, between 1973 and 2010’. Regional Environmental Change 14, pp. 157–166.

Copsey, A.J., Jones, J.P.G., Andrianandrasana. H., Rajaonarison LH & Fa JE (2009). ‘Burning to fish: local explanations for wetland burning in Lac Alaotra, Madagascar’, Oryx 43, pp. 403–406. doi:10.1017/S0030605308000525

Andrianandrasana, H., Randriamahefasoa, J., Durbin, J., Lewis, R.E., & Ratsimbazafy, J.H. (2005). ‘Participatory ecological monitoring of the Alaotra wetlands in Madagascar’, Biodiversity and Conservation 14, pp. 2757–2774. doi 10.1007/s10531-005-8413-y

Danielsen, F., Burgess, N.D., Balmford, A., Fjeldså, J., Andrianandrasana, H., Becker, C.D., Bennun, L., Brashares, J.S., Jones, J.P.G., Stuart-Hill, G., Topp-Jorgensen, E., Townsend, W.R., Uychiaoco, A.J., Whitten, T. and Yonten, D. (2006) ‘Monitoring matters: evaluating locally-based biodiversity monitoring in developing countries’, Oryx 40, pp. 12–17.

Andrianandrasana, H. (2001). ‘Ecological study of the rarest tortoise Geochelone yniphora (Vaillant, 1885) in Baly Bay Soalala Madagascar’, Dodo 36, p. 92.

Alexandra Fortacz


Job title: Research Analyst
Email: Please contact


Alexandra works as a Research Analyst for OPHI advising and producing policy briefs and supporting research projects. She has previously worked in international relations and development in Uganda and Strasbourg, for governmental, non-governmental and international institutions. 


MPhil in International Relations, University of Oxford
BA in Political Science, University of Vienna

Research Interests

Conflict and peace; Capability Approach; Multidimensional poverty; Human development; Human rights; Citizenship. 


Alkire, S. and Fortacz, A. (2022). ‘Insights for Policymaking from the Multidimensional Poverty Index’, in Waglé, S. and Wignaraja, K. (Ed.), The Great Upheaval, Cambridge University Press, p.169–204.

Dr Rizwan ul Haq

Job title: Research Officer
Email: Please contact


Rizwan is a Research Officer at OPHI working in the outreach team to support different stakeholders in the design and computation of Multidimensional Poverty Indices (MPIs).

Before joining OPHI, he was an Assistant Professor of Development Studies at the Pakistan Institute of Development Economics. He has more than 20 years of experience in the population and development sector focusing primarily on poverty, ageing and health. He has also worked in the United Nations Development Programme in the preparation of the National Human Development Report for Pakistan focusing on young people.


PhD Demography, University of Groningen, the Netherlands
MSc Population Studies, University of Groningen, the Netherlands
MSc Statistics, Quaid-i-Azam University, Islamabad, Pakistan

Research Interests

Poverty; health; well-being; migration; and population and development. 

Dr Putu Natih

Job Title: Researcher
Email: Please contact


Putu supports the outreach team at OPHI and is also currently helping with harmonising data for the global MPI. Putu is also a Statistics/Quantitative Methods tutor at Keble College.

Before OPHI, Putu worked as a Research Assistant at the Blavatnik School of Government, helping with constructing Stata do-files and analysing how technology can further good governance. She has worked as a Research Assistant to Professor Ari Kuncoro (University of Indonesia) and Professor Vernon Henderson (Brown University) on, among other research topics, disaster resilience in Indonesia.


DPhil Social Policy (Jardine-Oxford Scholar), Trinity College, University of Oxford
MPhil Development Studies (Jardine Scholar), Trinity College, University of Oxford
Bachelor of Economics, Faculty of Economics, University of Indonesia

Research Interests

Poverty; multidimensional poverty measurement; inequality; social policy

Selected Publications

Phillips, T., Kira, B., Tartakowsky, A., Dolan, J. and Natih, P. (2020). ‘Digital technology governance: developing countries’ priorities and concerns’, Digital Pathways at Oxford, no. 3.

Natih, P. G. L. (2020, August 13). ‘How Digital Technology Can Reduce Inequality’, The Jakarta Post

Natih, P. G. L. (2017, November 10). ‘Freedom from Poverty: Reflection on Heroes Day’, The Jakarta Post

Natih, P. G. L. (2015). ‘Technical Efficiency Levels of Rural Banks (BPRs) in West Java: A Stochastic Frontier Approach.’ Economics and Finance in Indonesia, 61(3), pp. 223–240.

Ayush Patel

Job title: Researcher
Email: Please contact


Ayush works with OPHI creating data visualization outputs and dashboards related to Multidimensional Poverty Indices (MPI). He also works on creating a guide for coding MPI using R.

His previous work involves research on rights-based laws in India and working with elected representatives and state governments for the implementation and monitoring of welfare programmes in Maharashtra, India.

Ayush is a RStudio certified tidyverse instructor and enjoys teaching data analysis skills using R.


Postgraduate Diploma in Business Analytics, University of Mumbai
Postgraduate Diploma in Economics and Finance, University of Mumbai
Bachelor of Engineering, Gujarat Technological University

Research Interests

Development Economics; Multidimensional Poverty; Rights-Based Laws

Curriculum vitae

Ayush Patel’s CV (PDF)

Professor Amartya Sen

Professor Amartya Sen

Job Title: Advisor


The work of OPHI is grounded in the capability approach developed by Amartya Sen who remains a much valued advisor. 

Amartya Sen is Thomas W. Lamont University Professor, and Professor of Economics and Philosophy, at Harvard University.  He has been the Master of Trinity College, Cambridge, and a Professor of Economics at Jadavpur University Calcutta, the Delhi School of Economics, and the London School of Economics, and Drummond Professor of Political Economy at Oxford University.

Amartya Sen has also served as President of the Econometric Society, the American Economic Association, the Indian Economic Association, and the International Economic Association.  He was formerly Honorary President of OXFAM and is now its Honorary Advisor.  His research has ranged over social choice theory, economic theory, ethics and political philosophy, welfare economics, theory of measurement, decision theory, development economics, public health, and gender studies.  

Amartya Sen’s books have been translated into more than thirty languages, and include Choice of Techniques (1960), Growth Economics (1970), Collective Choice and Social Welfare (1970), On Economic Inequality (1973, 1997); Poverty and Famines (1981);  Utilitarianism and Beyond (jointly with Bernard Williams, 1982); Choice, Welfare and Measurement (1982), Commodities and Capabilities (1985), The Standard of Living (1987), On Ethics and Economics (1987); Hunger and Public Action (jointly with Jean Drèze, 1989); Inequality Re-examined (1992); The Quality of Life (jointly with Martha Nussbaum, 1993);  Development as Freedom (1999); Rationality and Freedom (2002); The Argumentative Indian (2005); Identity and Violence: The Illusion of Destiny (2006), The Idea of Justice (2009), An Uncertain Glory: India and Its Contradictions (jointly with Jean Drèze, 2013), and The Country of First Boys (2015).  

Amartya Sen’s awards include Bharat Ratna (India); Commandeur de la Legion d’Honneur (France); the National Humanities Medal (USA); Ordem do Merito Cientifico (Brazil); Honorary  Companion of Honour (UK); the Aztec Eagle (Mexico); the Edinburgh Medal (UK); the George Marshall Award (USA); the Eisenhower Medal (USA). He was awarded the Nobel Prize in Economics in 1998.