A paper by OPHI’s Director Sabina Alkire and Research Associate Maria Emma Santos on ‘Measuring Acute Poverty in the Developing World: Robustness and Scope of the Multidimensional Poverty Index’ has been published online in World Development.
The paper presents the global Multidimensional Poverty Index (MPI), a measure of acute poverty, understood as a person’s inability to meet minimum international standards in indicators related to the Millennium Development Goals and to core functionings. It constitutes the first implementation of the direct method to measure poverty for over 100 developing countries.
After presenting the MPI, the paper analyses its scope and robustness, with a focus on the data challenges and methodological issues involved in constructing and estimating it. A range of robustness tests indicate that the MPI offers a reliable framework that can complement global income poverty estimates.
‘Measuring Acute Poverty in the Developing World: Robustness and Scope of the Multidimensional Poverty Index’ was first published as OPHI Working Paper 59. It will appear in volume 59 of World Development in July.