Global MPI 2017: Key findings
This page highlights findings from the Global Multidimensional Poverty Index (MPI) and provides a range of resources. The Global MPI was updated in January 2018 and now covers 104 countries in total, which are home to 76 per cent of the world’s population, or 5.4 billion people. Of this proportion, 26.5 per cent of people (1.45 billion) are identified as multidimensionally poor.
In June 2017, our analysis of global multidimensional poverty spans a number of topics, such as destitution, regional and sub-national variations in poverty, the composition of poverty.
Key findings include:
- A total of 1.45 billion people from 103 countries are multidimensionally poor (considering 2013 population data); 26.5% of the people living in these countries.
- 48% of the poor people live in South Asia, and 36% in Sub-Saharan Africa.
- Most MPI poor people – 72% – live in middle income countries.
- Half of the multidimensionally poor (48%) are children aged 0-17.
- Nearly half of all MPI poor people are destitute – 706 million – so experience extreme deprivations like severe malnutrition in at least one-third of the dimensions.
- In Uganda, 22% of people live in a household where at least one person experiences a severe disability. Poverty in these households is higher: 77% of people are poor vs 69% in other households.
- The MPI and its indicators are disaggregated by 988 subnational regions in 78 countries. The poorest regions are in Chad, Burkina Faso, Niger, Ethiopia, South Sudan, Nigeria, Uganda, and Afghanistan. Inside Afghanistan poverty rates vary from 25% in Kabul to 95% in Urozgan.
Download briefing papers on:
- 16-page analysis of main results on the global MPI 2017.
- 2-page analysis of the global MPI 2017.
- Children’s multidimensional poverty: Disaggregating the global MPI. This briefing disaggregates the 2017 global MPI by age group to analyse the situation of 1.8 billion children who live in 103 countries.
Briefing papers highlighting key findings are available for the following regions:
- Arab States
- East Asia and the Pacific
- Europe and Central Asia
- Latin America and Caribbean
- South Asia
- Sub-Saharan Africa
Global MPI Data Tables for 2017
Please cite data tables 1.1 – 8 as: Citation: Alkire, S. and Robles, G. (2017). “Multidimensional Poverty Index Summer 2017: Brief methodological note and results.” OPHI Methodological Note 44, University of Oxford.
Please note Table 7 also draws upon the following papers from previous years:
Multidimensional Poverty Index – Summer 2015: Brief Methodological Note and Results
Multidimensional Poverty Index 2014: Brief Methodological Note and Results
Multidimensional Poverty Index 2013: Brief Methodological Note and Results
Multidimensional Poverty Index 2011: Brief Methodological Note
Alkire, S. and Santos, M. E. (2010). “Acute multidimensional poverty: A new index for developing countries.” OPHI Working Papers 38, University of Oxford.