Global MPI 2013: Key findings
OPHI’s analyses of multidimensional poverty in 2013 span four topics:
1) Dynamics: Of 22 countries for which we analysed changes in MPI poverty over time, 18 reduced poverty significantly.
Most ‘top performing’ countries reduced multidimensional poverty as fast or faster than they reduced income poverty. Nepal, Rwanda and Bangladesh had the largest absolute reductions in MPI poverty, followed by Ghana, Tanzania, Cambodia and Bolivia. Read more.
2) India: India reduced multidimensional poverty significantly between 1999 and 2005/6, but the reduction was uneven across states and social groups, and much slower than in poorer neighbours Bangladesh and Nepal. Read more.
3) Bottom Billion: An analysis of where the poorest ‘Bottom Billion’ live using national averages finds they are located in just 30 countries; an analysis using individual poverty profiles finds they are actually spread across 100 countries, underscoring the importance of going beyond national averages. Read more.
4) MPI 2013: Distribution and Disparity: In 2013, we found that a total of 1.6 billion people are living in multidimensional poverty; more than 30% of the combined populations of the 104 countries analysed. We also found that 51% of the world’s MPI poor live in South Asia, and 29% in Sub-Saharan Africa. Most MPI poor people – 72% – live in middle-income countries. Read more.
MPI 2013: Updates and Coverage
In 2013, the MPI has been updated for 16 countries, and includes 104 countries with data from 2002-2011.
The MPI has been calculated for 663 subnational regions across 65 countries.
Changes in MPI over time have been analysed for 22 countries and 189 regions, covering 2 billion people.
The 104 countries analysed include 29 Low-Income Countries, 67 Middle-Income Countries and 8 High-Income Countries.
These countries have a total population of 5.4 billion people, which is 78% of the world’s population.